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Dietary behaviors of a racially and ethnically diverse sample of overweight and obese Californians.
Health Educ Behav. 2012 Dec; 39(6):737-44.HE

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To examine racial/ethnic differences in the dietary behaviors of overweight or obese adults using the 2007 California Health Interview Survey.

METHOD

Data were obtained from the 2007 California Health Interview Survey, a population-based sample of noninstitutionalized adults in California. The sample included 26,721 adults aged 18 years and older whose body mass index status indicated that they were overweight or obese (body mass index ≥ 25), with 19,264 non-Hispanic White; 1,749 African American/Black; 1,616 Asian/Pacific Islander; and 4,092 Latino respondents. Respondents were compared with regard to consumption of five categories of food: fruits, vegetables, French fries, soft drinks, and fast-food. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to examine racial/ethnic differences in dietary behaviors, with and without adjustment for age, gender, nativity, marital status, education, income, and food insecurity.

RESULTS

The findings suggested there were significant racial/ethnic differences in food preferences and that English proficiency, in part, explained some of these differences. Overweight/obese African American/Black respondents reported eating fruit (aBeta = -0.73, [95% confidence interval = -1.29, -0.17]) and vegetables (aBeta = -0.71 [-1.18, -0.24]) fewer times per day and fast-food (aBeta = 0.21, [0.04, 0.38]) more times per day compared with their non-Hispanic White counterparts. Irrespective of language proficiency, Asian/Pacific Islanders reported eating significantly less fruit compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Limited English proficient (LEP) Asian/Pacific Islanders were found to eat vegetables (aBeta = 1.41, [0.47, 2.63]) more times per day than non-Hispanic Whites, in contrast to English proficient Asian/Pacific Islanders who were found to eat vegetables (aBeta = -0.64, [-1.11, -0.18]) fewer times per day compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Both LEP and English proficient Latinos ate vegetables less often and drank soft drinks and ate fast-food more often than non-Hispanic Whites.

CONCLUSIONS

Efforts to intervene with individuals who are overweight or obese must include culturally and linguistically tailored interventions that consider how individuals' dietary behaviors are influenced by their racial/ethnic backgrounds.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA. dsorkin@uci.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22467636

Citation

Sorkin, Dara H., and John Billimek. "Dietary Behaviors of a Racially and Ethnically Diverse Sample of Overweight and Obese Californians." Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, vol. 39, no. 6, 2012, pp. 737-44.
Sorkin DH, Billimek J. Dietary behaviors of a racially and ethnically diverse sample of overweight and obese Californians. Health Educ Behav. 2012;39(6):737-44.
Sorkin, D. H., & Billimek, J. (2012). Dietary behaviors of a racially and ethnically diverse sample of overweight and obese Californians. Health Education & Behavior : the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education, 39(6), 737-44. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198111430709
Sorkin DH, Billimek J. Dietary Behaviors of a Racially and Ethnically Diverse Sample of Overweight and Obese Californians. Health Educ Behav. 2012;39(6):737-44. PubMed PMID: 22467636.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary behaviors of a racially and ethnically diverse sample of overweight and obese Californians. AU - Sorkin,Dara H, AU - Billimek,John, Y1 - 2012/03/30/ PY - 2012/4/3/entrez PY - 2012/4/3/pubmed PY - 2013/6/6/medline SP - 737 EP - 44 JF - Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education JO - Health Educ Behav VL - 39 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To examine racial/ethnic differences in the dietary behaviors of overweight or obese adults using the 2007 California Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Data were obtained from the 2007 California Health Interview Survey, a population-based sample of noninstitutionalized adults in California. The sample included 26,721 adults aged 18 years and older whose body mass index status indicated that they were overweight or obese (body mass index ≥ 25), with 19,264 non-Hispanic White; 1,749 African American/Black; 1,616 Asian/Pacific Islander; and 4,092 Latino respondents. Respondents were compared with regard to consumption of five categories of food: fruits, vegetables, French fries, soft drinks, and fast-food. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to examine racial/ethnic differences in dietary behaviors, with and without adjustment for age, gender, nativity, marital status, education, income, and food insecurity. RESULTS: The findings suggested there were significant racial/ethnic differences in food preferences and that English proficiency, in part, explained some of these differences. Overweight/obese African American/Black respondents reported eating fruit (aBeta = -0.73, [95% confidence interval = -1.29, -0.17]) and vegetables (aBeta = -0.71 [-1.18, -0.24]) fewer times per day and fast-food (aBeta = 0.21, [0.04, 0.38]) more times per day compared with their non-Hispanic White counterparts. Irrespective of language proficiency, Asian/Pacific Islanders reported eating significantly less fruit compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Limited English proficient (LEP) Asian/Pacific Islanders were found to eat vegetables (aBeta = 1.41, [0.47, 2.63]) more times per day than non-Hispanic Whites, in contrast to English proficient Asian/Pacific Islanders who were found to eat vegetables (aBeta = -0.64, [-1.11, -0.18]) fewer times per day compared with non-Hispanic Whites. Both LEP and English proficient Latinos ate vegetables less often and drank soft drinks and ate fast-food more often than non-Hispanic Whites. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to intervene with individuals who are overweight or obese must include culturally and linguistically tailored interventions that consider how individuals' dietary behaviors are influenced by their racial/ethnic backgrounds. SN - 1552-6127 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22467636/Dietary_behaviors_of_a_racially_and_ethnically_diverse_sample_of_overweight_and_obese_Californians_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1090198111430709?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -