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Frequency of parent-supervised outdoor play of US preschool-aged children.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 Aug; 166(8):707-12.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To characterize preschoolers’ daily parent-supervised outdoor play frequency and associated factors.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Birth Cohort.

SETTING

Nationally representative US sample.

PARTICIPANTS

Preschool-aged children.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Parent-reported outdoor play frequency.

RESULTS

The sample size of 8950 represented approximately 4 million children. Sixty percent of mothers worked outside the home, 79% exercised 0 to 3 days per week, and 93% perceived their neighborhood to be safe. Forty-four percent of mothers and 24% of fathers reported taking their child outside to play at least once per day. Fifty-one percent of children were reported to go outside to play at least once per day with either parent. Fifty-eight percent of children who were not in child care went outside daily. A child’s odds of going outside daily were associated with sex (odds ratio [OR] for girls, 0.85;95% CI, 0.75-0.95), having more regular playmates (OR for ≥ 3 playmates, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.72-2.38), mother’s race/ethnicity (OR for Asian, 0.51, 95% CI, 0.43-0.61; black,0.59, 95% CI, 0.49-0.70; Hispanic, 0.80, 95% CI, 0.67-0.95), mother’s employment (OR for full time, 0.70; 95%CI, 0.62-0.81), and parent’s exercise frequency of 4 days or more per week (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.28-1.75). We did not find significant association of outdoor play with child’s time spent watching television, household income, mother’s marital status, or parent’s perceptions of neighborhood safety.

CONCLUSIONS

About half the preschoolers in this sample did not have even 1 parent-supervised outdoor play opportunity per day. Efforts to increase active outdoor play should especially target children who are girls and nonwhite. Outdoor play opportunities at child care are critical for children of parents who work outside the home.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Child Health, Behavior, and Development, Seattle, WA 98145, USA. pooja@uw.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22473885

Citation

Tandon, Pooja S., et al. "Frequency of Parent-supervised Outdoor Play of US Preschool-aged Children." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 166, no. 8, 2012, pp. 707-12.
Tandon PS, Zhou C, Christakis DA. Frequency of parent-supervised outdoor play of US preschool-aged children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(8):707-12.
Tandon, P. S., Zhou, C., & Christakis, D. A. (2012). Frequency of parent-supervised outdoor play of US preschool-aged children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 166(8), 707-12.
Tandon PS, Zhou C, Christakis DA. Frequency of Parent-supervised Outdoor Play of US Preschool-aged Children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(8):707-12. PubMed PMID: 22473885.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frequency of parent-supervised outdoor play of US preschool-aged children. AU - Tandon,Pooja S, AU - Zhou,Chuan, AU - Christakis,Dimitri A, PY - 2012/4/5/entrez PY - 2012/4/5/pubmed PY - 2012/11/3/medline SP - 707 EP - 12 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 166 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To characterize preschoolers’ daily parent-supervised outdoor play frequency and associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Birth Cohort. SETTING: Nationally representative US sample. PARTICIPANTS: Preschool-aged children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Parent-reported outdoor play frequency. RESULTS: The sample size of 8950 represented approximately 4 million children. Sixty percent of mothers worked outside the home, 79% exercised 0 to 3 days per week, and 93% perceived their neighborhood to be safe. Forty-four percent of mothers and 24% of fathers reported taking their child outside to play at least once per day. Fifty-one percent of children were reported to go outside to play at least once per day with either parent. Fifty-eight percent of children who were not in child care went outside daily. A child’s odds of going outside daily were associated with sex (odds ratio [OR] for girls, 0.85;95% CI, 0.75-0.95), having more regular playmates (OR for ≥ 3 playmates, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.72-2.38), mother’s race/ethnicity (OR for Asian, 0.51, 95% CI, 0.43-0.61; black,0.59, 95% CI, 0.49-0.70; Hispanic, 0.80, 95% CI, 0.67-0.95), mother’s employment (OR for full time, 0.70; 95%CI, 0.62-0.81), and parent’s exercise frequency of 4 days or more per week (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.28-1.75). We did not find significant association of outdoor play with child’s time spent watching television, household income, mother’s marital status, or parent’s perceptions of neighborhood safety. CONCLUSIONS: About half the preschoolers in this sample did not have even 1 parent-supervised outdoor play opportunity per day. Efforts to increase active outdoor play should especially target children who are girls and nonwhite. Outdoor play opportunities at child care are critical for children of parents who work outside the home. SN - 1538-3628 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22473885/Frequency_of_parent_supervised_outdoor_play_of_US_preschool_aged_children_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.1835 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -