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Testosterone affects gaze aversion from angry faces outside of conscious awareness.
Psychol Sci. 2012 May 01; 23(5):459-63.PS

Abstract

Throughout vertebrate phylogeny, testosterone has motivated animals to obtain and maintain social dominance-a fact suggesting that unconscious primordial brain mechanisms are involved in social dominance. In humans, however, the prevailing view is that the neocortex is in control of primordial drives, and testosterone is thought to promote social dominance via conscious feelings of superiority, indefatigability, strength, and anger. Here we show that testosterone administration in humans prolongs dominant staring into the eyes of threatening faces that are viewed outside of awareness, without affecting consciously experienced feelings. These findings reveal that testosterone motivates social dominance in humans in much the same ways that it does in other vertebrates: involuntarily, automatically, and unconsciously.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands. d.terburg@uu.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22477106

Citation

Terburg, David, et al. "Testosterone Affects Gaze Aversion From Angry Faces Outside of Conscious Awareness." Psychological Science, vol. 23, no. 5, 2012, pp. 459-63.
Terburg D, Aarts H, van Honk J. Testosterone affects gaze aversion from angry faces outside of conscious awareness. Psychol Sci. 2012;23(5):459-63.
Terburg, D., Aarts, H., & van Honk, J. (2012). Testosterone affects gaze aversion from angry faces outside of conscious awareness. Psychological Science, 23(5), 459-63. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797611433336
Terburg D, Aarts H, van Honk J. Testosterone Affects Gaze Aversion From Angry Faces Outside of Conscious Awareness. Psychol Sci. 2012 May 1;23(5):459-63. PubMed PMID: 22477106.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Testosterone affects gaze aversion from angry faces outside of conscious awareness. AU - Terburg,David, AU - Aarts,Henk, AU - van Honk,Jack, Y1 - 2012/04/03/ PY - 2012/4/6/entrez PY - 2012/4/6/pubmed PY - 2012/9/14/medline SP - 459 EP - 63 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - Throughout vertebrate phylogeny, testosterone has motivated animals to obtain and maintain social dominance-a fact suggesting that unconscious primordial brain mechanisms are involved in social dominance. In humans, however, the prevailing view is that the neocortex is in control of primordial drives, and testosterone is thought to promote social dominance via conscious feelings of superiority, indefatigability, strength, and anger. Here we show that testosterone administration in humans prolongs dominant staring into the eyes of threatening faces that are viewed outside of awareness, without affecting consciously experienced feelings. These findings reveal that testosterone motivates social dominance in humans in much the same ways that it does in other vertebrates: involuntarily, automatically, and unconsciously. SN - 1467-9280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22477106/Testosterone_affects_gaze_aversion_from_angry_faces_outside_of_conscious_awareness_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956797611433336?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -