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Phrase frequency effects in language production.
PLoS One 2012; 7(3):e33202Plos

Abstract

A classic debate in the psychology of language concerns the question of the grain-size of the linguistic information that is stored in memory. One view is that only morphologically simple forms are stored (e.g., 'car', 'red'), and that more complex forms of language such as multi-word phrases (e.g., 'red car') are generated on-line from the simple forms. In two experiments we tested this view. In Experiment 1, participants produced noun+adjective and noun+noun phrases that were elicited by experimental displays consisting of colored line drawings and two superimposed line drawings. In Experiment 2, participants produced noun+adjective and determiner+noun+adjective utterances elicited by colored line drawings. In both experiments, naming latencies decreased with increasing frequency of the multi-word phrase, and were unaffected by the frequency of the object name in the utterance. These results suggest that the language system is sensitive to the distribution of linguistic information at grain-sizes beyond individual words.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Psicología Cognitiva, Social y Organizacional, Universidad de La Laguna, La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain. njanssen@ull.esNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22479370

Citation

Janssen, Niels, and Horacio A. Barber. "Phrase Frequency Effects in Language Production." PloS One, vol. 7, no. 3, 2012, pp. e33202.
Janssen N, Barber HA. Phrase frequency effects in language production. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(3):e33202.
Janssen, N., & Barber, H. A. (2012). Phrase frequency effects in language production. PloS One, 7(3), pp. e33202. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033202.
Janssen N, Barber HA. Phrase Frequency Effects in Language Production. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(3):e33202. PubMed PMID: 22479370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phrase frequency effects in language production. AU - Janssen,Niels, AU - Barber,Horacio A, Y1 - 2012/03/27/ PY - 2011/05/03/received PY - 2012/02/13/accepted PY - 2012/4/6/entrez PY - 2012/4/6/pubmed PY - 2012/8/29/medline SP - e33202 EP - e33202 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - A classic debate in the psychology of language concerns the question of the grain-size of the linguistic information that is stored in memory. One view is that only morphologically simple forms are stored (e.g., 'car', 'red'), and that more complex forms of language such as multi-word phrases (e.g., 'red car') are generated on-line from the simple forms. In two experiments we tested this view. In Experiment 1, participants produced noun+adjective and noun+noun phrases that were elicited by experimental displays consisting of colored line drawings and two superimposed line drawings. In Experiment 2, participants produced noun+adjective and determiner+noun+adjective utterances elicited by colored line drawings. In both experiments, naming latencies decreased with increasing frequency of the multi-word phrase, and were unaffected by the frequency of the object name in the utterance. These results suggest that the language system is sensitive to the distribution of linguistic information at grain-sizes beyond individual words. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22479370/Phrase_frequency_effects_in_language_production_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0033202 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -