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Attachment security and HPA axis reactivity to positive and challenging emotional situations in child-mother dyads in naturalistic settings.
Dev Psychobiol. 2012 May; 54(4):401-11.DP

Abstract

This study investigated adrenocortical activity in response to different challenging and positive affect emotional contexts in child-mother dyads, as function of attachment security (children's secure base behaviors and mothers' attachment representations). Fifty-one children ranging in age from 18 to 26 months and their mothers participated in this study. Secure children showed significant increases in their cortisol levels after fear episodes and significant decreases, after positive affect ones. No significant changes were found for frustration/anger episodes. Insecure children did not show significant differences in cortisol levels in any of the episodes, which suggests that insecure attachment may be related to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression in response to challenging and positive contexts. Mothers of insecure children showed significantly higher cortisol concentrations in pre- and post-session samples, than mothers of secure children. Mothers' personal attachment representations influenced their own cortisol responses, as well as their children's (in a marginal significant way).

Authors+Show Affiliations

UIPCDE, ISPA-Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. lisa.roque.psychologist@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22487942

Citation

Roque, Lisa, et al. "Attachment Security and HPA Axis Reactivity to Positive and Challenging Emotional Situations in Child-mother Dyads in Naturalistic Settings." Developmental Psychobiology, vol. 54, no. 4, 2012, pp. 401-11.
Roque L, Veríssimo M, Oliveira TF, et al. Attachment security and HPA axis reactivity to positive and challenging emotional situations in child-mother dyads in naturalistic settings. Dev Psychobiol. 2012;54(4):401-11.
Roque, L., Veríssimo, M., Oliveira, T. F., & Oliveira, R. F. (2012). Attachment security and HPA axis reactivity to positive and challenging emotional situations in child-mother dyads in naturalistic settings. Developmental Psychobiology, 54(4), 401-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.20598
Roque L, et al. Attachment Security and HPA Axis Reactivity to Positive and Challenging Emotional Situations in Child-mother Dyads in Naturalistic Settings. Dev Psychobiol. 2012;54(4):401-11. PubMed PMID: 22487942.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attachment security and HPA axis reactivity to positive and challenging emotional situations in child-mother dyads in naturalistic settings. AU - Roque,Lisa, AU - Veríssimo,Manuela, AU - Oliveira,Tania F, AU - Oliveira,Rui F, Y1 - 2011/08/23/ PY - 2011/03/02/received PY - 2011/07/20/accepted PY - 2012/4/11/entrez PY - 2012/4/11/pubmed PY - 2012/8/11/medline SP - 401 EP - 11 JF - Developmental psychobiology JO - Dev Psychobiol VL - 54 IS - 4 N2 - This study investigated adrenocortical activity in response to different challenging and positive affect emotional contexts in child-mother dyads, as function of attachment security (children's secure base behaviors and mothers' attachment representations). Fifty-one children ranging in age from 18 to 26 months and their mothers participated in this study. Secure children showed significant increases in their cortisol levels after fear episodes and significant decreases, after positive affect ones. No significant changes were found for frustration/anger episodes. Insecure children did not show significant differences in cortisol levels in any of the episodes, which suggests that insecure attachment may be related to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression in response to challenging and positive contexts. Mothers of insecure children showed significantly higher cortisol concentrations in pre- and post-session samples, than mothers of secure children. Mothers' personal attachment representations influenced their own cortisol responses, as well as their children's (in a marginal significant way). SN - 1098-2302 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22487942/Attachment_security_and_HPA_axis_reactivity_to_positive_and_challenging_emotional_situations_in_child_mother_dyads_in_naturalistic_settings_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/dev.20598 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -