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Phenolic contents and compositions in skins of red wine grape cultivars among various genetic backgrounds and originations.
Int J Mol Sci. 2012; 13(3):3492-510.IJ

Abstract

In order to analyze and compare the phenolic characteristics of red wine grapes with diverse genetic backgrounds, skin phenolics among 21 different cultivars belonging to Vitis vinifera L., East Asian and North American Vitis species and hybrids, as well as 2 varieties of muscadine grapes were estimated by HPLC-MS/MS. There were 45 anthocyanins, 28 flavonols, 8 flavan-3-ols, 9 cinnamic acids, 5 benzoic acids, 5 ellagic acids and 2 stilbenes detected in all the samples. Total contents of each phenolic type varied significantly among the different grape cultivars investigated. There was also a large variability in the phenolic compositions of different grape groups. The differences in anthocyanin composition were obvious between V. vinifera and non-V. vinifera grapes and also between the grapes originating from Eurasia and North America. Quercetin-3-glucuronide and quercetin-3-glucoside were marker flavonol compounds for Euvitis grape skins. Flavan-3-ol monomers were dominant in the skins of muscadine and non-V. amurensis East Asian grapes, whereas polymers were more common in V. vinifera and North American grapes. The muscadine grapes were very rich in flavonols, flavan-3-ols and ellagic acids. Via principal component analysis, these grape cultivars were clustered into three groups according to their characteristic phenolic content and composition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; E-Mails: Zhulei610@gmail.com (L.Z.); olivia.yl.zhang@gmail.com (Y.Z.).No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22489164

Citation

Zhu, Lei, et al. "Phenolic Contents and Compositions in Skins of Red Wine Grape Cultivars Among Various Genetic Backgrounds and Originations." International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 13, no. 3, 2012, pp. 3492-510.
Zhu L, Zhang Y, Lu J. Phenolic contents and compositions in skins of red wine grape cultivars among various genetic backgrounds and originations. Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(3):3492-510.
Zhu, L., Zhang, Y., & Lu, J. (2012). Phenolic contents and compositions in skins of red wine grape cultivars among various genetic backgrounds and originations. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(3), 3492-510. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms13033492
Zhu L, Zhang Y, Lu J. Phenolic Contents and Compositions in Skins of Red Wine Grape Cultivars Among Various Genetic Backgrounds and Originations. Int J Mol Sci. 2012;13(3):3492-510. PubMed PMID: 22489164.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phenolic contents and compositions in skins of red wine grape cultivars among various genetic backgrounds and originations. AU - Zhu,Lei, AU - Zhang,Yali, AU - Lu,Jiang, Y1 - 2012/03/14/ PY - 2012/01/09/received PY - 2012/02/08/revised PY - 2012/02/14/accepted PY - 2012/4/11/entrez PY - 2012/4/11/pubmed PY - 2012/4/11/medline KW - Vitis KW - phenolic compositon KW - phenolic content KW - principal component analysis KW - skin SP - 3492 EP - 510 JF - International journal of molecular sciences JO - Int J Mol Sci VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - In order to analyze and compare the phenolic characteristics of red wine grapes with diverse genetic backgrounds, skin phenolics among 21 different cultivars belonging to Vitis vinifera L., East Asian and North American Vitis species and hybrids, as well as 2 varieties of muscadine grapes were estimated by HPLC-MS/MS. There were 45 anthocyanins, 28 flavonols, 8 flavan-3-ols, 9 cinnamic acids, 5 benzoic acids, 5 ellagic acids and 2 stilbenes detected in all the samples. Total contents of each phenolic type varied significantly among the different grape cultivars investigated. There was also a large variability in the phenolic compositions of different grape groups. The differences in anthocyanin composition were obvious between V. vinifera and non-V. vinifera grapes and also between the grapes originating from Eurasia and North America. Quercetin-3-glucuronide and quercetin-3-glucoside were marker flavonol compounds for Euvitis grape skins. Flavan-3-ol monomers were dominant in the skins of muscadine and non-V. amurensis East Asian grapes, whereas polymers were more common in V. vinifera and North American grapes. The muscadine grapes were very rich in flavonols, flavan-3-ols and ellagic acids. Via principal component analysis, these grape cultivars were clustered into three groups according to their characteristic phenolic content and composition. SN - 1422-0067 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22489164/Phenolic_contents_and_compositions_in_skins_of_red_wine_grape_cultivars_among_various_genetic_backgrounds_and_originations_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=ijms-13-03492 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -