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A review of the complications of lacrimal occlusion with punctal and canalicular plugs.
Orbit 2012; 31(2):86-93O

Abstract

Punctal and canalicular plugs are widely used for both temporary and permanent occlusion of the lacrimal puncta in dry eyes. There are many designs and materials available on the market. While their efficacy in improving dry eye symptoms is widely proven, the gamut of complications associated with these devices have never been subject to a general review, although there are numerous case series in the literature associated with one particular device. This review aims to examine the track record of a variety of plugs currently in use, to review the management of complications, and propose strategies for both the prevention of these complications and their treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ophthalmology Department, Central Middlesex Hospital, Middlesex, London, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22489851

Citation

Bourkiza, Rabia, and Vickie Lee. "A Review of the Complications of Lacrimal Occlusion With Punctal and Canalicular Plugs." Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol. 31, no. 2, 2012, pp. 86-93.
Bourkiza R, Lee V. A review of the complications of lacrimal occlusion with punctal and canalicular plugs. Orbit. 2012;31(2):86-93.
Bourkiza, R., & Lee, V. (2012). A review of the complications of lacrimal occlusion with punctal and canalicular plugs. Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 31(2), pp. 86-93. doi:10.3109/01676830.2011.648802.
Bourkiza R, Lee V. A Review of the Complications of Lacrimal Occlusion With Punctal and Canalicular Plugs. Orbit. 2012;31(2):86-93. PubMed PMID: 22489851.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A review of the complications of lacrimal occlusion with punctal and canalicular plugs. AU - Bourkiza,Rabia, AU - Lee,Vickie, PY - 2012/4/12/entrez PY - 2012/4/12/pubmed PY - 2012/6/16/medline SP - 86 EP - 93 JF - Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands) JO - Orbit VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - Punctal and canalicular plugs are widely used for both temporary and permanent occlusion of the lacrimal puncta in dry eyes. There are many designs and materials available on the market. While their efficacy in improving dry eye symptoms is widely proven, the gamut of complications associated with these devices have never been subject to a general review, although there are numerous case series in the literature associated with one particular device. This review aims to examine the track record of a variety of plugs currently in use, to review the management of complications, and propose strategies for both the prevention of these complications and their treatment. SN - 1744-5108 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22489851/A_review_of_the_complications_of_lacrimal_occlusion_with_punctal_and_canalicular_plugs_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/01676830.2011.648802 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -