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Breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jul; 16(7):1296-305.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional. Breakfast consumption was assessed by the statement ‘I often skip breakfast’ and categorized into ‘consumer’, ‘occasional consumer’ and ‘skipper’. Blood pressure, weight, height, waist circumference, skinfold thickness, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), TAG, insulin and glucose were measured and BMI, TC:HDL-C, LDL-C:HDL-C and homeostasis model assessment–insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated.

SETTING

The European Union-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.

SUBJECTS

European adolescents, aged 12?50–17?49 years, from ten cities within the HELENA study (n 2929, n 925 with blood sample, 53% females).

RESULTS

In males, significant differences across breakfast consumption category (‘consumer’, ‘occasional consumer’ and ‘skipper’) were seen for age, BMI, skinfold thickness, waist circumference, cardiorespiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, TC:HDL-C, LDL-C:HDL-C, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR and LDL-C; in females, for cardiorespiratory fitness, skinfold thickness, BMI, insulin and HOMA-IR. In overweight/obese males significant differences were also seen for TC and LDL-C, whereas no differences were observed in non-overweight males or in females regardless of weight status.

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings among European adolescents confirm previous data indicating that adolescents who regularly consume breakfast have lower body fat content. The results also show that regular breakfast consumption is associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents, and with a healthier cardiovascular profile, especially in males. Eating breakfast regularly may also negate somewhat the effect of excess adiposity on TC and LDL-C, especially in male adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Box 883, Mälardalens University, 72123 Västerås, Sweden. lena.hallstrom@mdh.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22494882

Citation

Hallström, Lena, et al. "Breakfast Consumption and CVD Risk Factors in European Adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe By Nutrition in Adolescence) Study." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 7, 2013, pp. 1296-305.
Hallström L, Labayen I, Ruiz JR, et al. Breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(7):1296-305.
Hallström, L., Labayen, I., Ruiz, J. R., Patterson, E., Vereecken, C. A., Breidenassel, C., Gottrand, F., Huybrechts, I., Manios, Y., Mistura, L., Widhalm, K., Kondaki, K., Moreno, L. A., & Sjöström, M. (2013). Breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutrition, 16(7), 1296-305. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012000973
Hallström L, et al. Breakfast Consumption and CVD Risk Factors in European Adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe By Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(7):1296-305. PubMed PMID: 22494882.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. AU - Hallström,Lena, AU - Labayen,Idoia, AU - Ruiz,Jonatan R, AU - Patterson,Emma, AU - Vereecken,Carine A, AU - Breidenassel,Christina, AU - Gottrand,Frédéric, AU - Huybrechts,Inge, AU - Manios,Yannis, AU - Mistura,Lorenza, AU - Widhalm,Kurt, AU - Kondaki,Katerina, AU - Moreno,Luis A, AU - Sjöström,Michael, AU - ,, Y1 - 2012/04/12/ PY - 2012/4/13/entrez PY - 2012/4/13/pubmed PY - 2014/1/18/medline SP - 1296 EP - 305 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 16 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between breakfast consumption and CVD risk factors in European adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Breakfast consumption was assessed by the statement ‘I often skip breakfast’ and categorized into ‘consumer’, ‘occasional consumer’ and ‘skipper’. Blood pressure, weight, height, waist circumference, skinfold thickness, total cholesterol (TC), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), TAG, insulin and glucose were measured and BMI, TC:HDL-C, LDL-C:HDL-C and homeostasis model assessment–insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated. SETTING: The European Union-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study. SUBJECTS: European adolescents, aged 12?50–17?49 years, from ten cities within the HELENA study (n 2929, n 925 with blood sample, 53% females). RESULTS: In males, significant differences across breakfast consumption category (‘consumer’, ‘occasional consumer’ and ‘skipper’) were seen for age, BMI, skinfold thickness, waist circumference, cardiorespiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, TC:HDL-C, LDL-C:HDL-C, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR and LDL-C; in females, for cardiorespiratory fitness, skinfold thickness, BMI, insulin and HOMA-IR. In overweight/obese males significant differences were also seen for TC and LDL-C, whereas no differences were observed in non-overweight males or in females regardless of weight status. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings among European adolescents confirm previous data indicating that adolescents who regularly consume breakfast have lower body fat content. The results also show that regular breakfast consumption is associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness in adolescents, and with a healthier cardiovascular profile, especially in males. Eating breakfast regularly may also negate somewhat the effect of excess adiposity on TC and LDL-C, especially in male adolescents. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22494882/Breakfast_consumption_and_CVD_risk_factors_in_European_adolescents:_the_HELENA__Healthy_Lifestyle_in_Europe_by_Nutrition_in_Adolescence__Study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980012000973/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -