1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol with low-calcium diet reduces acute rejection in rat lung allotransplantation.Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012 Nov; 42(5):871-7.EJ
The effect of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol, vitamin D3) with a low-calcium diet on the acute lung allograft rejection in a rat unilateral left lung transplantation model was evaluated.
Three transplantation groups were studied (n = 5, male Brown-Norway to Fischer F344, 235 ± 15 g body weight): calcitriol and low-calcium diet, low-calcium diet and normal diet. Calcitriol (4 μg/kg/day) was injected intraperitoneally for 5 days, starting from the day of transplantation. In addition, two non-transplantation groups were compared: (n = 3, Brown-Norway) to measure the level of cytokines, and Fischer F344 receiving calcitriol and a low-calcium diet to measure the serum calcium level. The recipients of transplantation were killed on Day 5 post-transplant. The contralateral right main bronchus and the pulmonary artery were occluded for 5 min and blood was drawn for the blood gas analysis, and the grafts were assessed for histology (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation 1996/rank scale). Lung levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-12 and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were assessed within the calcitriol and low-calcium diet, low-calcium diet and Brown-Norway groups. The serum calcium level was assessed in the Fischer F344 group. An analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc test was used to compare the arterial blood oxygen pressure and the lung cytokine expression between groups. A non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test followed by the Siegel and Castellan post hoc test was used to assess the differences between the groups according to the lung graft rejection grading. Student's paired t-test was used to compare the serum calcium level.
The arterial PaO(2) was significantly higher in the calcitriol and the low-calcium diet groups when compared with low-calcium diet or normal diet groups (356 ± 72 mmHg; P < 0.05 vs other groups). The arterial and bronchial rejection observed in calcitriol and low-calcium diet group was significantly milder than in the low-calcium diet or normal diet groups (A1-2, B1-2; P < 0.05 vs other groups). IL-2 and IL-6 levels were significantly higher in low-calcium diet vs calcitriol and low-calcium diet and Brown-Norway groups. IL-12 and TNF-α did not differ among the groups. There was no significant difference in serum calcium level before and after the treatment in the Fischer F344 group.
Calcitriol with a low-calcium diet treatment improves lung function, reduces lung allograft acute rejection, decreases IL-2 and IL-6 allograft expression and does not change the serum calcium level significantly.