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Risk compensation: a male phenomenon? Results from a controlled intervention trial promoting helmet use among cyclists.
Prevention tools are challenged by risky behaviors that follow their adoption. Speed increase following helmet use adoption was analyzed among bicyclists enrolled in a controlled intervention trial. Speed and helmet use were assessed by video (2621 recordings, 587 participants). Speeds were similar among helmeted and nonhelmeted female cyclists (16.5 km/h and 16.1 km/h, respectively) but not among male cyclists (helmeted: 19.2 km/h, nonhelmeted: 16.8 km/h). Risk compensation, observed only among male cyclists, was moderate, thus unlikely to offset helmet preventive efficacy.
Authors, , , ,
Attitude to Health
Head Protective Devices
Pub Type(s)Controlled Clinical Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't