C2-symmetric recyclable organocatalyst for enantioselective Strecker reaction for the synthesis of α-amino acid and chiral diamine--an intermediate for APN inhibitor.J Org Chem. 2012 May 04; 77(9):4375-84.JO
Recyclable chiral amide-based organocatalyst 5 efficiently catalyzed asymmetric Strecker reaction of various aromatic and aliphatic N-benzhydrylimines with ethyl cyanoformate as cyanide source at -10 °C to give a high yield (95%) of α-aminonitriles with excellent chiral induction (ee, up to 99%) with the added advantage of recyclability. Based on experimental observations a probable mechanism was proposed for this reaction. This protocol with catalyst 5 was extended for the synthesis of (R)-phenylalanine and pharmaceutically important drug intermediate (R)-3-phenylpropane-1,2-diamine in high yield with high enantioselectivity.