[Role of microglial activation induced by α-synuclein in pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease].Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2012 03; 41(2):210-4.ZD
Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is pathologically characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and the presence of deposits of aggregated α-synuclein in intracellular inclusions known as Lewy bodies (LB). A highly localized inflammatory response mediated by reactive microglia is prominent in PD brains, but the mechanisms underlying the microglial activation are poorly understood. Recently some lines of evidences have shown that monomeric, or aggregated α-synuclein can activate microglia, the toxic factors released from activated microglia may lead to the cell death of dopaminergic neurons. This review is to summarize the recent progress on the role of α-synuclein induced microglia activation on the PD pathogenesis and progression, and to discuss the possible mechanisms involved.