International results with the Boston type I keratoprosthesis.Ophthalmology 2012; 119(8):1530-8O
To determine the indications and outcomes of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA) surgery performed outside of North America and to compare them with those obtained in the United States by the surgeon who trained the international surgeons.
Retrospective review of consecutive clinical case series.
One hundred ninety-four patients (223 keratoprosthesis procedures performed in 205 eyes) who received Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis at 11 ophthalmology centers in Armenia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Philippines, Russia, and Saudi Arabia between May 1, 2006, and July 1, 2011 (international series), and at the Jules Stein Eye Institute between May 1, 2004, and July 1, 2011 (University of California, Los Angeles [UCLA] series).
Data were collected for each procedure regarding the preoperative characteristics of each eye, the surgical procedure(s) performed, and the postoperative outcomes. Statistical analysis was performed to identify significant differences between the international and UCLA series in terms of retention and complications.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Interval visual acuities, keratoprosthesis retention, and significant postoperative complications.
In the international series, 113 Boston type I keratoprostheses were implanted in 107 eyes of 100 patients. The most common indication for surgery was corneal graft failure (n = 50; 44%) followed by chemical injury (n = 30; 27%). Although only 2% of eyes had a preoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of 20/20 to 20/200, 70%, 68%, and 59% of eyes had a postoperative CDVA of 20/20 to 20/200 at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery, respectively. Ninety-one of the 113 keratoprostheses implanted (80.5%) were retained at a mean follow-up of 14.2 months, for a retention failure rate of 22 per 134.6 eye-years (0.163/eye-year). The most common postoperative complications were retroprosthetic membrane formation (27%) and sterile corneal necrosis (18%). The only postoperative complication that was more common in the international series than in the UCLA series was infectious endophthalmitis, which developed in 9% of eyes.
Boston keratoprosthesis is a viable means of managing repeat graft failure and ocular chemical injury outside of North America, with similar visual acuity outcomes, retention rates, and incidence rates of postoperative complications to those obtained by North American surgeons.