Hemoglobin Level Adds Prognostic Value to the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events Score in Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes.Cardiology. 2012; 121(4):213-9.C
We aimed to test the hypothesis that hemoglobin values add prognostic information to the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score at admission in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
A total of 225 consecutive patients with non-ST elevation ACS were studied. Hemoglobin was measured at admission, and its prognostic value was evaluated in relation to cardiovascular events during hospitalization, defined as the composite of death or myocardial infarction.
The incidence of major in-hospital events was 7% (10 deaths and 5 nonfatal myocardial infarctions). Hemoglobin significantly predicted events, with a C statistic of 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53-0.81; p = 0.03], with 12.1 g/dl as the cutoff point of best performance. After adjustment for the GRACE score, low hemoglobin (≤12.1 g/dl) remained an independent predictor of events (odds ratio 3.9, 95% CI 1.2-13; p = 0.028). The C statistic of the GRACE score for prediction of events improved from 0.80 to 0.84 after hemoglobin was taken into account. Finally, the addition of hemoglobin to the GRACE score promoted a net reclassification improvement of 16% in identifying high-risk patients (p = 0.025).
The present study provides preliminary evidence that hemoglobin level independently predicts recurrent events during hospitalization and improves the prognostic performance of the GRACE score in patients with non-ST elevation ACS.