Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

PTSD symptoms as risk factors for intimate partner violence revictimization and the mediating role of victims' violent behavior.
J Trauma Stress. 2012 Apr; 25(2):179-86.JT

Abstract

Apart from being a consequence of intimate partner violence (IPV), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can also be a risk factor for IPV revictimization. The current study examined how each of 4 PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, arousal, avoidance, and numbing) related to revictimization in a sample of 156 female help-seeking victims of IPV, recruited from various victim support services in the Netherlands. In addition, we hypothesized that victim-perpetrated IPV would mediate the relation between PTSD symptomatology and IPV revictimization. Our results show that victims' PTSD reexperiencing symptoms predict revictimization of partner violence (d = .45 for physical IPV revictimization; d = .35 for psychological IPV revictimization); the other 3 PTSD symptom clusters were not related to IPV revictimization. Furthermore, victim-perpetrated psychological IPV was found to partially mediate the relation between victims' PTSD reexperiencing symptoms and IPV revictimization (Z = 2.339, SE = 0.044, p = .019 for physical IPV revictimization, and Z = 2.197, SE = 0.038, p = .028 for psychological IPV revictimization). Findings indicate that IPV victims with higher levels of PTSD reexperiencing symptoms may be more likely to perpetrate psychological IPV themselves, which may put them at greater risk for receiving IPV in return. Based on these results, a focus on individual PTSD symptom clusters and victim behaviors seems relevant for practice and may contribute to a decrease in victims' risk for future IPV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Criminal Law and Criminology, Leiden Law School, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. k.f.kuijpers@law.leidenuniv.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22522732

Citation

Kuijpers, Karlijn F., et al. "PTSD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization and the Mediating Role of Victims' Violent Behavior." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 25, no. 2, 2012, pp. 179-86.
Kuijpers KF, van der Knaap LM, Winkel FW. PTSD symptoms as risk factors for intimate partner violence revictimization and the mediating role of victims' violent behavior. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25(2):179-86.
Kuijpers, K. F., van der Knaap, L. M., & Winkel, F. W. (2012). PTSD symptoms as risk factors for intimate partner violence revictimization and the mediating role of victims' violent behavior. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(2), 179-86. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21676
Kuijpers KF, van der Knaap LM, Winkel FW. PTSD Symptoms as Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization and the Mediating Role of Victims' Violent Behavior. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25(2):179-86. PubMed PMID: 22522732.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - PTSD symptoms as risk factors for intimate partner violence revictimization and the mediating role of victims' violent behavior. AU - Kuijpers,Karlijn F, AU - van der Knaap,Leontien M, AU - Winkel,Frans Willem, PY - 2012/4/24/entrez PY - 2012/4/24/pubmed PY - 2012/9/12/medline SP - 179 EP - 86 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - Apart from being a consequence of intimate partner violence (IPV), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can also be a risk factor for IPV revictimization. The current study examined how each of 4 PTSD symptom clusters (reexperiencing, arousal, avoidance, and numbing) related to revictimization in a sample of 156 female help-seeking victims of IPV, recruited from various victim support services in the Netherlands. In addition, we hypothesized that victim-perpetrated IPV would mediate the relation between PTSD symptomatology and IPV revictimization. Our results show that victims' PTSD reexperiencing symptoms predict revictimization of partner violence (d = .45 for physical IPV revictimization; d = .35 for psychological IPV revictimization); the other 3 PTSD symptom clusters were not related to IPV revictimization. Furthermore, victim-perpetrated psychological IPV was found to partially mediate the relation between victims' PTSD reexperiencing symptoms and IPV revictimization (Z = 2.339, SE = 0.044, p = .019 for physical IPV revictimization, and Z = 2.197, SE = 0.038, p = .028 for psychological IPV revictimization). Findings indicate that IPV victims with higher levels of PTSD reexperiencing symptoms may be more likely to perpetrate psychological IPV themselves, which may put them at greater risk for receiving IPV in return. Based on these results, a focus on individual PTSD symptom clusters and victim behaviors seems relevant for practice and may contribute to a decrease in victims' risk for future IPV. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22522732/PTSD_symptoms_as_risk_factors_for_intimate_partner_violence_revictimization_and_the_mediating_role_of_victims'_violent_behavior_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21676 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -