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The influence of combat and interpersonal trauma on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF women veterans.
J Trauma Stress. 2012 Apr; 25(2):216-9.JT

Abstract

The present study evaluated the impact of combat and interpersonal trauma exposure in a sample of 115 U.S. women veterans from Gulf War I and the Iraq and Afghanistan wars on 3 postdeployment trauma-related mental health outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PSS), depressive symptom severity (DSS), and alcohol misuse. Patients presenting for healthcare services at a Veterans Affairs postdeployment health specialty clinic completed screening questionnaires that assessed combat exposure, lifetime interpersonal trauma history of childhood neglect, physical, or sexual abuse, and adult sexual and physical assault. In a regression model, combat exposure was the only significant independent variable associated with PSS, DSS, and alcohol misuse (β = .42, .27 and B = 1.58, respectively) even after adding lifetime interpersonal assault exposure to the model. Results highlight the negative effects of combat exposure on treatment-seeking women veterans' postdeployment mental health. Incorporating combat exposure into routine screening procedures for Gulf War and Iraq and Afghanistan war women veterans can aid in mental health treatment planning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Veterans Affairs Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle Division, Seattle, WA, USA. chassija@stanford.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22522738

Citation

Hassija, Christina M., et al. "The Influence of Combat and Interpersonal Trauma On PTSD, Depression, and Alcohol Misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF Women Veterans." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 25, no. 2, 2012, pp. 216-9.
Hassija CM, Jakupcak M, Maguen S, et al. The influence of combat and interpersonal trauma on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF women veterans. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25(2):216-9.
Hassija, C. M., Jakupcak, M., Maguen, S., & Shipherd, J. C. (2012). The influence of combat and interpersonal trauma on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF women veterans. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 25(2), 216-9. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21686
Hassija CM, et al. The Influence of Combat and Interpersonal Trauma On PTSD, Depression, and Alcohol Misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF Women Veterans. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25(2):216-9. PubMed PMID: 22522738.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of combat and interpersonal trauma on PTSD, depression, and alcohol misuse in U.S. Gulf War and OEF/OIF women veterans. AU - Hassija,Christina M, AU - Jakupcak,Matthew, AU - Maguen,Shira, AU - Shipherd,Jillian C, PY - 2012/4/24/entrez PY - 2012/4/24/pubmed PY - 2012/9/12/medline SP - 216 EP - 9 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - The present study evaluated the impact of combat and interpersonal trauma exposure in a sample of 115 U.S. women veterans from Gulf War I and the Iraq and Afghanistan wars on 3 postdeployment trauma-related mental health outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PSS), depressive symptom severity (DSS), and alcohol misuse. Patients presenting for healthcare services at a Veterans Affairs postdeployment health specialty clinic completed screening questionnaires that assessed combat exposure, lifetime interpersonal trauma history of childhood neglect, physical, or sexual abuse, and adult sexual and physical assault. In a regression model, combat exposure was the only significant independent variable associated with PSS, DSS, and alcohol misuse (β = .42, .27 and B = 1.58, respectively) even after adding lifetime interpersonal assault exposure to the model. Results highlight the negative effects of combat exposure on treatment-seeking women veterans' postdeployment mental health. Incorporating combat exposure into routine screening procedures for Gulf War and Iraq and Afghanistan war women veterans can aid in mental health treatment planning. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22522738/The_influence_of_combat_and_interpersonal_trauma_on_PTSD_depression_and_alcohol_misuse_in_U_S__Gulf_War_and_OEF/OIF_women_veterans_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21686 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -