Nickel and ultraviolet-B stresses induce differential growth and photosynthetic responses in Pisum sativum L. seedlings.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012 Oct; 149(1):86-96.BT
Enhanced level of UV-B radiation and heavy metals in irrigated soils due to anthropogenic activities are deteriorating the environmental conditions necessary for growth and development of plants. The present study was undertaken to study the individual and interactive effects of heavy metal nickel (NiCl(2)·6H(2)O; 0.01, 0.1, 1.0 mM) and UV-B exposure (0.4 W m(-2); 45 min corresponds to 1.08 KJ m(-2)) on growth performance and photosynthetic activity of pea (Pisum sativum L.) seedlings. Ni treatment at high doses (0.1 and 1.0 mM Ni) and UV-B alone reduced chlorophyll content and photosynthetic activity (oxygen yield, carbon fixation, photorespiration, and PSI, PSII, and whole chain electron transport activities), and declining trends continued with combined doses. In contrast to this, Ni at 0.01 mM appeared to be stimulatory for photosynthetic pigments and photosynthetic activity, thereby enhanced biomass was observed at this concentration. However, combined dose (UV-B + 0.01 mM Ni) caused inhibitory effects. Carotenoids showed different responses to each stress. Nickel at high doses strongly inhibited PSII activity and the inhibition was further intensified when chloroplasts were simultaneously exposed to UV-B radiation. PSI activity appeared to be more resistant to each stress. High doses of Ni (0.1 and 1.0 mM) and UV-B alone interrupted electron flow at the oxygen evolving complex. Similar damaging effects were caused by 0.01 and 0.1 mM Ni together with UV-B, but the damage extended to PSII reaction center in case of 1.0 mM Ni in combination with UV-B. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that low dose of Ni stimulated the growth performance of pea seedlings in contrast to its inhibitory role at high doses. However, UV-B alone and together with low as well as high doses of Ni proved to be toxic for P. sativum L.