Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Long-term trends in obesity among Austrian adults and its relation with the social gradient: 1973-2007.
Eur J Public Health. 2013 Apr; 23(2):306-12.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The prevalence of obesity is steadily increasing. There is little empirical evidence for the development of obesity in Austria. Therefore, the present study investigated long-term trends in the prevalence of obesity across different age and educational groups in Austrian adults.

METHODS

Self-reported data were derived from five nationally representative cross-sectional interview surveys (n = 178,818) in the years 1973, 1983, 1991, 1999 and 2006-07 in private homes and long-term care facilities for Austrian adults aged 20-99 years. An adjustment of the self-reported BMI was performed. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg m(-2).

RESULTS

The age-adjusted prevalence of obesity was 11% during the study period (women: 11.3%, 95% CI 11.2-11.6; men: 9.9%, 95% CI 9.7-10.2). Obesity and a high mean BMI were most prevalent among subjects aged 55-74 years and among those with low educational status. The absolute change in obesity prevalence during the study period was significantly highest (P < 0.001) among women aged ≥ 75 years (3.0%), and among men aged 55-75 years (3.6%). Concerning educational level, the largest increase in obesity was seen in those with a low educational level (women: 4.1%, men: 2.6%; P < 0.001), whereas the aetiologic fraction was highest in middle-educated men. Relative inequalities for obesity showed a tendency to increase during the study period.

CONCLUSION

Examining trends in subpopulations is important when planning accurate target group-specific prevention strategies. Therefore, in Austria targeted preventive measures should be designed according to age and educational level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Universitätsstraβe 6/I, 8010 Graz, Austria.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22539632

Citation

Groβschädl, Franziska, and Willibald J. Stronegger. "Long-term Trends in Obesity Among Austrian Adults and Its Relation With the Social Gradient: 1973-2007." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 23, no. 2, 2013, pp. 306-12.
Groβschädl F, Stronegger WJ. Long-term trends in obesity among Austrian adults and its relation with the social gradient: 1973-2007. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23(2):306-12.
Groβschädl, F., & Stronegger, W. J. (2013). Long-term trends in obesity among Austrian adults and its relation with the social gradient: 1973-2007. European Journal of Public Health, 23(2), 306-12. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks033
Groβschädl F, Stronegger WJ. Long-term Trends in Obesity Among Austrian Adults and Its Relation With the Social Gradient: 1973-2007. Eur J Public Health. 2013;23(2):306-12. PubMed PMID: 22539632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term trends in obesity among Austrian adults and its relation with the social gradient: 1973-2007. AU - Groβschädl,Franziska, AU - Stronegger,Willibald J, Y1 - 2012/04/25/ PY - 2012/4/28/entrez PY - 2012/4/28/pubmed PY - 2014/2/26/medline SP - 306 EP - 12 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is steadily increasing. There is little empirical evidence for the development of obesity in Austria. Therefore, the present study investigated long-term trends in the prevalence of obesity across different age and educational groups in Austrian adults. METHODS: Self-reported data were derived from five nationally representative cross-sectional interview surveys (n = 178,818) in the years 1973, 1983, 1991, 1999 and 2006-07 in private homes and long-term care facilities for Austrian adults aged 20-99 years. An adjustment of the self-reported BMI was performed. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 30 kg m(-2). RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of obesity was 11% during the study period (women: 11.3%, 95% CI 11.2-11.6; men: 9.9%, 95% CI 9.7-10.2). Obesity and a high mean BMI were most prevalent among subjects aged 55-74 years and among those with low educational status. The absolute change in obesity prevalence during the study period was significantly highest (P < 0.001) among women aged ≥ 75 years (3.0%), and among men aged 55-75 years (3.6%). Concerning educational level, the largest increase in obesity was seen in those with a low educational level (women: 4.1%, men: 2.6%; P < 0.001), whereas the aetiologic fraction was highest in middle-educated men. Relative inequalities for obesity showed a tendency to increase during the study period. CONCLUSION: Examining trends in subpopulations is important when planning accurate target group-specific prevention strategies. Therefore, in Austria targeted preventive measures should be designed according to age and educational level. SN - 1464-360X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22539632/Long_term_trends_in_obesity_among_Austrian_adults_and_its_relation_with_the_social_gradient:_1973_2007_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/cks033 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -