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Diagnostic accuracy of dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients.
Acta Radiol. 2012 Jun 01; 53(5):518-23.AR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients acquired 60 min after FDG administration is reported to be only moderate, especially due to low sensitivity.

PURPOSE

To test whether a delayed scan 90 min after FDG administration could enhance the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Thirty-eight women suffering from primary breast cancer (mean age 52 years; range 25-78 years; standard deviation 14 years) underwent a pre-therapeutic dual-time-point FDG-PET/CT scan. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of axillary lymph nodes was measured at two different time points (time point T1: 60 min after FDG injection, time point T2: 90 min after FDG injection). SUVmax of axillary lymph nodes at T1 and T2 were assessed for statistical significance using a paired Wilcoxon-Test (P < 0.05). At T1 a qualitative analysis of the FDG-PET/CT scan was performed to define physiologic and metastatic lymph nodes. At T2 an increase of the SUVmax of at least 3.75% over time was rated as indicating malignancy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and the accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases was calculated at time points T1 and T2. Statistically significant differences were determined using Fisher's exact test (P < 0.05). Histopathology served as the standard of reference. A compartment based analysis was done.

RESULTS

Axillary lymph nodes had a mean SUVmax of 1.6 (range 0.6-10.8; SD 1.9) at T1 and a mean SUVmax of 1.8 (range 0.5-17.9; SD 3.5) at T2. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.047). The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases was 81%, 100%, 100%, 88%, and 92% at T1, and 88%, 50%, 56%, 85%, and 66% at T2, respectively. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.27).

CONCLUSION

There is a slight increase of the FDG accumulation of axillary lymph nodes between 60 and 90 min after FDG administration. This increase did not translate into a statistical significant enhancement of the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph nodes. Especially due to false-positive results a delayed FDG-PET/CT scan 90 min after FDG administration is not able to enhance the diagnostic accuracy for the detection of lymph node metastases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, University at Duisburg-Essen, Germany. steffen.hahn@uk-essen.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22547387

Citation

Hahn, Steffen, et al. "Diagnostic Accuracy of Dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the Detection of Axillary Lymph Node Metastases in Breast Cancer Patients." Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), vol. 53, no. 5, 2012, pp. 518-23.
Hahn S, Hecktor J, Grabellus F, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients. Acta Radiol. 2012;53(5):518-23.
Hahn, S., Hecktor, J., Grabellus, F., Hartung, V., Pöppel, T., Kimmig, R., Forsting, M., Antoch, G., & Heusner, T. A. (2012). Diagnostic accuracy of dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients. Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), 53(5), 518-23. https://doi.org/10.1258/ar.2012.110420
Hahn S, et al. Diagnostic Accuracy of Dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the Detection of Axillary Lymph Node Metastases in Breast Cancer Patients. Acta Radiol. 2012 Jun 1;53(5):518-23. PubMed PMID: 22547387.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diagnostic accuracy of dual-time-point 18F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients. AU - Hahn,Steffen, AU - Hecktor,Jennifer, AU - Grabellus,Florian, AU - Hartung,Verena, AU - Pöppel,Thorsten, AU - Kimmig,Rainer, AU - Forsting,Michael, AU - Antoch,Gerald, AU - Heusner,Till A, Y1 - 2012/04/30/ PY - 2012/5/2/entrez PY - 2012/5/2/pubmed PY - 2012/8/14/medline SP - 518 EP - 23 JF - Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) JO - Acta Radiol VL - 53 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases in breast cancer patients acquired 60 min after FDG administration is reported to be only moderate, especially due to low sensitivity. PURPOSE: To test whether a delayed scan 90 min after FDG administration could enhance the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-eight women suffering from primary breast cancer (mean age 52 years; range 25-78 years; standard deviation 14 years) underwent a pre-therapeutic dual-time-point FDG-PET/CT scan. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of axillary lymph nodes was measured at two different time points (time point T1: 60 min after FDG injection, time point T2: 90 min after FDG injection). SUVmax of axillary lymph nodes at T1 and T2 were assessed for statistical significance using a paired Wilcoxon-Test (P < 0.05). At T1 a qualitative analysis of the FDG-PET/CT scan was performed to define physiologic and metastatic lymph nodes. At T2 an increase of the SUVmax of at least 3.75% over time was rated as indicating malignancy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and the accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases was calculated at time points T1 and T2. Statistically significant differences were determined using Fisher's exact test (P < 0.05). Histopathology served as the standard of reference. A compartment based analysis was done. RESULTS: Axillary lymph nodes had a mean SUVmax of 1.6 (range 0.6-10.8; SD 1.9) at T1 and a mean SUVmax of 1.8 (range 0.5-17.9; SD 3.5) at T2. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.047). The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph node metastases was 81%, 100%, 100%, 88%, and 92% at T1, and 88%, 50%, 56%, 85%, and 66% at T2, respectively. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.27). CONCLUSION: There is a slight increase of the FDG accumulation of axillary lymph nodes between 60 and 90 min after FDG administration. This increase did not translate into a statistical significant enhancement of the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for the detection of axillary lymph nodes. Especially due to false-positive results a delayed FDG-PET/CT scan 90 min after FDG administration is not able to enhance the diagnostic accuracy for the detection of lymph node metastases. SN - 1600-0455 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22547387/Diagnostic_accuracy_of_dual_time_point_18F_FDG_PET/CT_for_the_detection_of_axillary_lymph_node_metastases_in_breast_cancer_patients_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1258/ar.2012.110420?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -