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The history of sign language and deaf education in Turkey.
Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2012 Mar-Apr; 22(2):65-76.KB

Abstract

Sign language is the natural language of the prelingually deaf people particularly without hearing-speech rehabilitation. Otorhinolaryngologists, regarding health as complete physical, mental and psychosocial well-being, aim hearing by diagnosing deafness as deviance from normality. However, it's obvious that the perception conflicted with the behavior which does not meet the mental and social well-being of the individual also contradicts with the definition mentioned above. This article aims to investigate the effects of hearing-speech target ignoring the sign language in Turkish population and its consistency with the history through statistical data, scientific publications and historical documents and to support critical perspective on this issue. The study results showed that maximum 50% of the deaf benefited from hearing-speech program for last 60 years before hearing screening programs; however, systems including sign language in education were not generated. In the light of these data, it is clear that the approach ignoring sign language particularly before the development of screening programs is not reasonable. In addition, considering sign language being part of the Anatolian history from Hittites to Ottomans, it is a question to be answered that why evaluation, habilitation and education systems excluding sign language are still the only choice for deaf individuals in Turkey. Despite legislative amendments in the last 6-7 years, the primary cause of failure to come into force is probably because of inadequate conception of the issue content and importance, as well as limited effort to offer solutions by academicians and authorized politicians. Within this context, this paper aims to make a positive effect on this issue offering a review for the medical staff, particularly otorhinolaryngologists and audiologists.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical Faculty of Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. yusufk@gazi.edu.trNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22548262

Citation

Kemaloğlu, Yusuf Kemal, and Pınar Yaprak Kemaloğlu. "The History of Sign Language and Deaf Education in Turkey." Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtisas Dergisi : KBB = Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat, vol. 22, no. 2, 2012, pp. 65-76.
Kemaloğlu YK, Kemaloğlu PY. The history of sign language and deaf education in Turkey. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2012;22(2):65-76.
Kemaloğlu, Y. K., & Kemaloğlu, P. Y. (2012). The history of sign language and deaf education in Turkey. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtisas Dergisi : KBB = Journal of Ear, Nose, and Throat, 22(2), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.5606/kbbihtisas.2012.013
Kemaloğlu YK, Kemaloğlu PY. The History of Sign Language and Deaf Education in Turkey. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 2012 Mar-Apr;22(2):65-76. PubMed PMID: 22548262.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The history of sign language and deaf education in Turkey. AU - Kemaloğlu,Yusuf Kemal, AU - Kemaloğlu,Pınar Yaprak, PY - 2012/5/3/entrez PY - 2012/5/3/pubmed PY - 2012/8/30/medline SP - 65 EP - 76 JF - Kulak burun bogaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat JO - Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - Sign language is the natural language of the prelingually deaf people particularly without hearing-speech rehabilitation. Otorhinolaryngologists, regarding health as complete physical, mental and psychosocial well-being, aim hearing by diagnosing deafness as deviance from normality. However, it's obvious that the perception conflicted with the behavior which does not meet the mental and social well-being of the individual also contradicts with the definition mentioned above. This article aims to investigate the effects of hearing-speech target ignoring the sign language in Turkish population and its consistency with the history through statistical data, scientific publications and historical documents and to support critical perspective on this issue. The study results showed that maximum 50% of the deaf benefited from hearing-speech program for last 60 years before hearing screening programs; however, systems including sign language in education were not generated. In the light of these data, it is clear that the approach ignoring sign language particularly before the development of screening programs is not reasonable. In addition, considering sign language being part of the Anatolian history from Hittites to Ottomans, it is a question to be answered that why evaluation, habilitation and education systems excluding sign language are still the only choice for deaf individuals in Turkey. Despite legislative amendments in the last 6-7 years, the primary cause of failure to come into force is probably because of inadequate conception of the issue content and importance, as well as limited effort to offer solutions by academicians and authorized politicians. Within this context, this paper aims to make a positive effect on this issue offering a review for the medical staff, particularly otorhinolaryngologists and audiologists. SN - 1300-7475 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22548262/The_history_of_sign_language_and_deaf_education_in_Turkey_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -