Increase in hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA during enzyme induction by N6,O2'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP.J Biol Chem. 1978 Jan 25; 253(2):319-22.JB
Tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA was quantitated by translation in a cell-free system derived from wheat germ followed by specific immunoprecipitation of the newly synthesized enzyme subunit. Hepatic poly(A)-containg RNA prepared from rats treated for 4 h with N6, O2'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline was approximately 5.6 times more active in directing the synthesis of the tyrosine aminotransferase subunit relative to untreated controls. The overall template activity of the RNA prepared from control and cyclic AMP-treated animals was virtually identical, demonstrating that the cyclic nucleotide effect was specific for the tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA. At all times, after a single injection of dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline, the increase in hepatic enzyme activity was accompanied by corresponding induction in the level of functional tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA. Other inducers of tyrosine aminotransferase, such as glucagon and hydrocortisone, also increased the level of tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA in proportion to their effect on enzyme activity. The RNA polymerase II inhibitor, alpha-amanitin, completely blocked the dibutyryl cyclic AMP-mediated increase in tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA activity. These studies demonstrate that, in intact animals, the induction of tyrosine aminotransferase activity by dibutyryl cyclic AMP can be completely accounted for by a corresponding increase in the level of functional mRNA coding for the enzyme.