NUR77 inhibits the expression of TIMP2 and increases the migration and invasion of HTR-8/SVneo cells induced by CYR61.Placenta 2012; 33(7):561-7P
To investigate the function and mechanism of CYR61 on the migration and invasion of the trophoblast cell line, HTR-8/SVneo cells.
The mRNA and protein levels of NUR77 in the placentas of normal and preeclampsia (PE) women were evaluated using real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. Paraffin-embedded tissues were processed for localization of NUR77 protein in placental villus by immunohistochemistry. HTR-8/SVneo cells were cultured in the presence of CYR61, Ad-NUR77 or a small interfering RNA for NUR77 (Ad-sinur77). The expression of NUR77 in the HTR-8/SVneo cells was detected and the effects of CYR61 on the migration and invasion of HTR-8/SVneo cells were assessed in wound-healing and transwell experiments, respectively. Gelatin zymography was used to measure the MMP2 release in HTR-8/SVneo cells.
NUR77 is significantly decreased in the placenta of women with PE compared with the levels during a normal pregnancy. CYR61 can significantly increase the expression of NUR77 in HTR-8/SVneo cells. CYR61, as well as NUR77, can promote HTR-8/SVneo cells migration and invasion, which can be blocked by Ad-sinur77. Both CYR61 and Ad-nur77 reduced the mRNA expression of TIMP2 in HTR-8/SVneo cells.
CYR61 may promote HTR-8/SVneo cells migration and invasion through the upregulation of NUR77, leading to the increase of MMP2 release and the downregulation of TIMP2 expression.