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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic horses in Durango State, Mexico.
J Parasitol. 2012 Oct; 98(5):944-5.JP

Abstract

The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in horses in Mexico is unknown. Therefore, antibodies to T. gondii were assessed in 495 horses in Durango State, Mexico, using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Horses were from 18 farms in 3 municipalities in the valley region of Durango State. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 30 (6.1%) of 495 horses, with MAT titers of 1:25 in 19, 1:50 in 6, and 1:100 in 5. Seropositive horses were found in 8 (44.4%) of 18 farms sampled in all 3 municipalities. Age, gender, and breed of horses did not influence significantly the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection. The seroprevalence in horses was higher in rural (7.8%) versus urban (0%) areas, and in larger herds (30-64 horses, 7.8%) versus smaller ones (3-28, 3.5%). The seroprevalence was higher in stall fed (16.5%) than in pastured horses (3.1%). Results indicate that infected horses represent a potential source of T. gondii infection for humans in Mexico. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in horses in Mexico.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Juárez University of Durango State, Avenida Universidad S/N, 34000. Durango, Mexico.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22559329

Citation

Alvarado-Esquivel, C, et al. "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii Infection in Domestic Horses in Durango State, Mexico." The Journal of Parasitology, vol. 98, no. 5, 2012, pp. 944-5.
Alvarado-Esquivel C, Rodríguez-Peña S, Villena I, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic horses in Durango State, Mexico. J Parasitol. 2012;98(5):944-5.
Alvarado-Esquivel, C., Rodríguez-Peña, S., Villena, I., & Dubey, J. P. (2012). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic horses in Durango State, Mexico. The Journal of Parasitology, 98(5), 944-5. https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-3174.1
Alvarado-Esquivel C, et al. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii Infection in Domestic Horses in Durango State, Mexico. J Parasitol. 2012;98(5):944-5. PubMed PMID: 22559329.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic horses in Durango State, Mexico. AU - Alvarado-Esquivel,C, AU - Rodríguez-Peña,S, AU - Villena,I, AU - Dubey,J P, Y1 - 2012/05/04/ PY - 2012/5/8/entrez PY - 2012/5/9/pubmed PY - 2012/12/25/medline SP - 944 EP - 5 JF - The Journal of parasitology JO - J Parasitol VL - 98 IS - 5 N2 - The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in horses in Mexico is unknown. Therefore, antibodies to T. gondii were assessed in 495 horses in Durango State, Mexico, using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Horses were from 18 farms in 3 municipalities in the valley region of Durango State. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 30 (6.1%) of 495 horses, with MAT titers of 1:25 in 19, 1:50 in 6, and 1:100 in 5. Seropositive horses were found in 8 (44.4%) of 18 farms sampled in all 3 municipalities. Age, gender, and breed of horses did not influence significantly the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection. The seroprevalence in horses was higher in rural (7.8%) versus urban (0%) areas, and in larger herds (30-64 horses, 7.8%) versus smaller ones (3-28, 3.5%). The seroprevalence was higher in stall fed (16.5%) than in pastured horses (3.1%). Results indicate that infected horses represent a potential source of T. gondii infection for humans in Mexico. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in horses in Mexico. SN - 1937-2345 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22559329/Seroprevalence_of_Toxoplasma_gondii_infection_in_domestic_horses_in_Durango_State_Mexico_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-3174.1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -