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Body weight, shame, guilt and oral health: a path analysis model in undergraduate students.
Rom J Intern Med. 2011; 49(4):281-8.RJ

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to answer the question of whether experiences of shame, guilt and body investment can explain such the association between BMI, oral health behaviours and status in an undergraduate student population-based sample.

METHODS

The study was performed on a sample of 150 first year medical students (19.62 +/- 2.62 years old). Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire, Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt Scale and Body Investment Scale.

RESULTS

61.3% of students were of normal weight, 21.3% were underweight and 11.3% were overweight. Statistically significant differences were observed between males and females regarding the body mass index (P < 0.0001) and WEB-shame (P < 0.0001). Among females, statically significant higher values of WEB-Shame, WEB-Guilt and lower levels of Body investment were noted among normal weight compared with under-weight students (P < 0.05). The normal-weight female and underweight participants reported statistically significant different frequency of gingival involvement (P < 0.05). Among males, WEB-S was correlated with satisfaction by appearance of own teeth, current extracted teeth and self-reported gum bleeding, while WEB-G, self-reported current extracted teeth, toothbrushing and mouthrinse frequency were also correlated. Among females, WEB-S was correlated with flossing and dental visit frequency. The structural equation model demonstrated a good fit among female students but not among males.

CONCLUSIONS

These findings highlight the importance of targeting and understanding the realm of body-related self-conscious emotions and the associated links to regulations and health investment behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Tromso, Norway. alexandrina.dumitrescu@uit.noNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22568273

Citation

Dumitrescu, Alexandrina L., et al. "Body Weight, Shame, Guilt and Oral Health: a Path Analysis Model in Undergraduate Students." Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, vol. 49, no. 4, 2011, pp. 281-8.
Dumitrescu AL, Dogaru CB, Duţă C, et al. Body weight, shame, guilt and oral health: a path analysis model in undergraduate students. Rom J Intern Med. 2011;49(4):281-8.
Dumitrescu, A. L., Dogaru, C. B., Duţă, C., & Manolescu, B. (2011). Body weight, shame, guilt and oral health: a path analysis model in undergraduate students. Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine = Revue Roumaine De Medecine Interne, 49(4), 281-8.
Dumitrescu AL, et al. Body Weight, Shame, Guilt and Oral Health: a Path Analysis Model in Undergraduate Students. Rom J Intern Med. 2011;49(4):281-8. PubMed PMID: 22568273.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body weight, shame, guilt and oral health: a path analysis model in undergraduate students. AU - Dumitrescu,Alexandrina L, AU - Dogaru,Carmen Beatrice, AU - Duţă,Carmen, AU - Manolescu,B, PY - 2012/5/10/entrez PY - 2011/1/1/pubmed PY - 2012/6/12/medline SP - 281 EP - 8 JF - Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de medecine interne JO - Rom J Intern Med VL - 49 IS - 4 N2 - UNLABELLED: The purpose of the present study was to answer the question of whether experiences of shame, guilt and body investment can explain such the association between BMI, oral health behaviours and status in an undergraduate student population-based sample. METHODS: The study was performed on a sample of 150 first year medical students (19.62 +/- 2.62 years old). Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire, Weight- and Body-Related Shame and Guilt Scale and Body Investment Scale. RESULTS: 61.3% of students were of normal weight, 21.3% were underweight and 11.3% were overweight. Statistically significant differences were observed between males and females regarding the body mass index (P < 0.0001) and WEB-shame (P < 0.0001). Among females, statically significant higher values of WEB-Shame, WEB-Guilt and lower levels of Body investment were noted among normal weight compared with under-weight students (P < 0.05). The normal-weight female and underweight participants reported statistically significant different frequency of gingival involvement (P < 0.05). Among males, WEB-S was correlated with satisfaction by appearance of own teeth, current extracted teeth and self-reported gum bleeding, while WEB-G, self-reported current extracted teeth, toothbrushing and mouthrinse frequency were also correlated. Among females, WEB-S was correlated with flossing and dental visit frequency. The structural equation model demonstrated a good fit among female students but not among males. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of targeting and understanding the realm of body-related self-conscious emotions and the associated links to regulations and health investment behavior. SN - 1220-4749 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22568273/Body_weight_shame_guilt_and_oral_health:_a_path_analysis_model_in_undergraduate_students_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/5397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -