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Time to set the agenda for schistosomiasis elimination.
Acta Trop. 2013 Nov; 128(2):423-40.AT

Abstract

It is time to raise global awareness to the possibility of schistosomiasis elimination and to support endemic countries in their quest to determine the most appropriate approaches to eliminate this persistent and debilitating disease. The main interventions for schistosomiasis control are reviewed, including preventive chemotherapy using praziquantel, snail control, sanitation, safe water supplies, and behaviour change strategies supported by information, education and communication (IEC) materials. Differences in the biology and transmission of the three main Schistosoma species (i.e. Schistosoma haematobium, S. mansoni and S. japonicum), which impact on control interventions, are considered. Sensitive diagnostic procedures to ensure adequate surveillance in areas attaining low endemicity are required. The importance of capacity building is highlighted. To achieve elimination, an intersectoral approach is necessary, with advocacy and action from local communities and the health community to foster cooperative ventures with engineers, the private sector, governments and non-governmental organizations specialized in water supply and sanitation. Examples of successful schistosomiasis control programmes are reviewed to highlight what has been learnt in terms of strategy for control and elimination. These include St. Lucia and other Caribbean islands, Brazil and Venezuela for S. mansoni; Saudi Arabia and Egypt for both S. mansoni and S. haematobium; Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritius and the Islamic Republic of Iran for S. haematobium; Japan and the People's Republic of China for S. japonicum. Additional targets for elimination or even eradication could be the two minor human schistosome species S. guineenisis and S. intercalatum, which have a restricted distribution in West and Central Africa. The examples show that elimination of schistosomiasis is an achievable and desirable goal requiring full integration of preventive chemotherapy with the tools of transmission control. An agenda for the elimination of schistosomiasis would aim to identify the gaps in knowledge, and define the tools, strategies and guidelines that will help national control programmes move towards elimination, including an internationally accepted mechanism that allows verification/confirmation of elimination.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wolfson Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories, Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK. Electronic address: d.rollinson@nhm.ac.uk.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22580511

Citation

Rollinson, David, et al. "Time to Set the Agenda for Schistosomiasis Elimination." Acta Tropica, vol. 128, no. 2, 2013, pp. 423-40.
Rollinson D, Knopp S, Levitz S, et al. Time to set the agenda for schistosomiasis elimination. Acta Trop. 2013;128(2):423-40.
Rollinson, D., Knopp, S., Levitz, S., Stothard, J. R., Tchuem Tchuenté, L. A., Garba, A., Mohammed, K. A., Schur, N., Person, B., Colley, D. G., & Utzinger, J. (2013). Time to set the agenda for schistosomiasis elimination. Acta Tropica, 128(2), 423-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.04.013
Rollinson D, et al. Time to Set the Agenda for Schistosomiasis Elimination. Acta Trop. 2013;128(2):423-40. PubMed PMID: 22580511.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time to set the agenda for schistosomiasis elimination. AU - Rollinson,David, AU - Knopp,Stefanie, AU - Levitz,Sarah, AU - Stothard,J Russell, AU - Tchuem Tchuenté,Louis-Albert, AU - Garba,Amadou, AU - Mohammed,Khalfan A, AU - Schur,Nadine, AU - Person,Bobbie, AU - Colley,Daniel G, AU - Utzinger,Jürg, Y1 - 2012/05/10/ PY - 2011/12/19/received PY - 2012/04/25/revised PY - 2012/04/27/accepted PY - 2012/5/15/entrez PY - 2012/5/15/pubmed PY - 2014/5/7/medline KW - Elimination KW - Morbidity control KW - Schistosoma haematobium KW - Schistosoma japonicum KW - Schistosoma mansoni KW - Schistosomiasis KW - Transmission control SP - 423 EP - 40 JF - Acta tropica JO - Acta Trop. VL - 128 IS - 2 N2 - It is time to raise global awareness to the possibility of schistosomiasis elimination and to support endemic countries in their quest to determine the most appropriate approaches to eliminate this persistent and debilitating disease. The main interventions for schistosomiasis control are reviewed, including preventive chemotherapy using praziquantel, snail control, sanitation, safe water supplies, and behaviour change strategies supported by information, education and communication (IEC) materials. Differences in the biology and transmission of the three main Schistosoma species (i.e. Schistosoma haematobium, S. mansoni and S. japonicum), which impact on control interventions, are considered. Sensitive diagnostic procedures to ensure adequate surveillance in areas attaining low endemicity are required. The importance of capacity building is highlighted. To achieve elimination, an intersectoral approach is necessary, with advocacy and action from local communities and the health community to foster cooperative ventures with engineers, the private sector, governments and non-governmental organizations specialized in water supply and sanitation. Examples of successful schistosomiasis control programmes are reviewed to highlight what has been learnt in terms of strategy for control and elimination. These include St. Lucia and other Caribbean islands, Brazil and Venezuela for S. mansoni; Saudi Arabia and Egypt for both S. mansoni and S. haematobium; Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritius and the Islamic Republic of Iran for S. haematobium; Japan and the People's Republic of China for S. japonicum. Additional targets for elimination or even eradication could be the two minor human schistosome species S. guineenisis and S. intercalatum, which have a restricted distribution in West and Central Africa. The examples show that elimination of schistosomiasis is an achievable and desirable goal requiring full integration of preventive chemotherapy with the tools of transmission control. An agenda for the elimination of schistosomiasis would aim to identify the gaps in knowledge, and define the tools, strategies and guidelines that will help national control programmes move towards elimination, including an internationally accepted mechanism that allows verification/confirmation of elimination. SN - 1873-6254 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22580511/Time_to_set_the_agenda_for_schistosomiasis_elimination_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001-706X(12)00191-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -