Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Serial recall, word frequency, and mixed lists: the influence of item arrangement.
J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 2012; 38(6):1731-40JE

Abstract

Studies of the effect of word frequency in the serial recall task show that lists of high-frequency words are better recalled than lists of low-frequency words; however, when high- and low-frequency words are alternated within a list, there is no difference in the level of recall for the two types of words, and recall is intermediate between lists of pure frequency. This pattern has been argued to arise from the development of a network of activated long-term representations of list items that support the redintegration of all list items in a nondirectional and nonspecific way. More recently, it has been proposed that the frequency effect might be a product of the coarticulation of items at word boundaries and their influence on rehearsal rather than a consequence of memory representations. The current work examines recall performance in mixed lists of an equal number of high- and low-frequency items arranged in contiguous segments (i.e., HHHLLL and LLLHHH), under quiet and articulatory suppression conditions, to test whether the effect is (a) nondirectional and (b) dependent on articulatory processes. These experiments demonstrate that neither explanation is satisfactory, although the results suggest that the effect is mnemonic. A language-based approach to short-term memory is favored with emphasis on the role of speech production processes at output.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. leoniem@uow.edu.auNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22582964

Citation

Miller, Leonie M., and Steven Roodenrys. "Serial Recall, Word Frequency, and Mixed Lists: the Influence of Item Arrangement." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 38, no. 6, 2012, pp. 1731-40.
Miller LM, Roodenrys S. Serial recall, word frequency, and mixed lists: the influence of item arrangement. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2012;38(6):1731-40.
Miller, L. M., & Roodenrys, S. (2012). Serial recall, word frequency, and mixed lists: the influence of item arrangement. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(6), pp. 1731-40. doi:10.1037/a0028470.
Miller LM, Roodenrys S. Serial Recall, Word Frequency, and Mixed Lists: the Influence of Item Arrangement. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 2012;38(6):1731-40. PubMed PMID: 22582964.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Serial recall, word frequency, and mixed lists: the influence of item arrangement. AU - Miller,Leonie M, AU - Roodenrys,Steven, Y1 - 2012/05/14/ PY - 2012/5/16/entrez PY - 2012/5/16/pubmed PY - 2013/4/23/medline SP - 1731 EP - 40 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition JO - J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn VL - 38 IS - 6 N2 - Studies of the effect of word frequency in the serial recall task show that lists of high-frequency words are better recalled than lists of low-frequency words; however, when high- and low-frequency words are alternated within a list, there is no difference in the level of recall for the two types of words, and recall is intermediate between lists of pure frequency. This pattern has been argued to arise from the development of a network of activated long-term representations of list items that support the redintegration of all list items in a nondirectional and nonspecific way. More recently, it has been proposed that the frequency effect might be a product of the coarticulation of items at word boundaries and their influence on rehearsal rather than a consequence of memory representations. The current work examines recall performance in mixed lists of an equal number of high- and low-frequency items arranged in contiguous segments (i.e., HHHLLL and LLLHHH), under quiet and articulatory suppression conditions, to test whether the effect is (a) nondirectional and (b) dependent on articulatory processes. These experiments demonstrate that neither explanation is satisfactory, although the results suggest that the effect is mnemonic. A language-based approach to short-term memory is favored with emphasis on the role of speech production processes at output. SN - 1939-1285 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22582964/Serial_recall_word_frequency_and_mixed_lists:_the_influence_of_item_arrangement_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xlm/38/6/1731 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -