Prime

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Patterns of injury and reported violence depending on relationship to assailant in female Swedish sexual assault victims.

Abstract

Earlier studies have explored the differences between known-assailant sexual assaults and stranger assaults and reported the stranger assaults as being more violent. Only a few studies have discriminated between sexual assaults by intimate partners from assaults by other known assailants when comparing with assaults by strangers. In this study, we explored differences in the extent of violence and physical injury in sexual assaults committed by intimate partners compared with assaults by strangers and acquaintances. Medical and forensic records of 690 consecutive women attending a sexual assault center in Stockholm, Sweden were reviewed. The final sample included in the analysis consisted of 503 patients. Our results showed that women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners more frequently reported physical violence (OR = 4.1) than women assaulted by strangers (OR = 2.0) and acquaintances (OR = 1.0). Genital injuries were not found to be related to the victim-assailant relationship in this study. Extragenital injuries showed a tendency toward being more frequently found after intimate partner assaults compared with stranger and acquaintance assaults; however, this was not found to be significant in adjusted analyses. Previous history of sexual assault was more common, and seeking medical care within 72 hr as well as being under the influence of alcohol during the assault was less frequent among intimate partner victims. These results support the conclusion that sexual assaults committed by intimate partners, contradictory to earlier studies, are likely to involve more physical violence and result in injuries just as often as assaults committed by strangers.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    , , ,

    Source

    Journal of interpersonal violence 27:16 2012 Nov pg 3131-48

    MeSH

    Adult
    Domestic Violence
    Emergency Service, Hospital
    Female
    Humans
    Interpersonal Relations
    Middle Aged
    Retrospective Studies
    Sex Offenses
    Sweden
    Wounds and Injuries
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22585117

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Patterns of injury and reported violence depending on relationship to assailant in female Swedish sexual assault victims. AU - Möller,Anna Sofia, AU - Bäckström,Torbjörn, AU - Söndergaard,Hans Peter, AU - Helström,Lotti, Y1 - 2012/05/14/ PY - 2012/5/14/aheadofprint PY - 2012/5/16/entrez PY - 2012/5/16/pubmed PY - 2013/3/6/medline SP - 3131 EP - 48 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 27 IS - 16 N2 - Earlier studies have explored the differences between known-assailant sexual assaults and stranger assaults and reported the stranger assaults as being more violent. Only a few studies have discriminated between sexual assaults by intimate partners from assaults by other known assailants when comparing with assaults by strangers. In this study, we explored differences in the extent of violence and physical injury in sexual assaults committed by intimate partners compared with assaults by strangers and acquaintances. Medical and forensic records of 690 consecutive women attending a sexual assault center in Stockholm, Sweden were reviewed. The final sample included in the analysis consisted of 503 patients. Our results showed that women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners more frequently reported physical violence (OR = 4.1) than women assaulted by strangers (OR = 2.0) and acquaintances (OR = 1.0). Genital injuries were not found to be related to the victim-assailant relationship in this study. Extragenital injuries showed a tendency toward being more frequently found after intimate partner assaults compared with stranger and acquaintance assaults; however, this was not found to be significant in adjusted analyses. Previous history of sexual assault was more common, and seeking medical care within 72 hr as well as being under the influence of alcohol during the assault was less frequent among intimate partner victims. These results support the conclusion that sexual assaults committed by intimate partners, contradictory to earlier studies, are likely to involve more physical violence and result in injuries just as often as assaults committed by strangers. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22585117/Patterns_of_injury_and_reported_violence_depending_on_relationship_to_assailant_in_female_Swedish_sexual_assault_victims_ L2 - http://jiv.sagepub.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=22585117 ER -