Time course of changes in metamorphopsia, visual acuity, and OCT parameters after successful epiretinal membrane surgery.Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Jun 14; 53(7):3592-7.IO
To follow the changes in the metamorphopsia, visual acuity, and OCT parameters after epiretinal membrane (ERM) removal.
The study included 49 eyes of 49 patients with an ERM who underwent vitrectomy and membrane peeling. The changes in the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), metamorphopsia, and central foveal thickness (CFT) were evaluated at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months postoperatively. M-CHARTS were used to quantify metamorphopsia.
The mean BCVA, metamorphopsia scores for horizontal lines (MH) and vertical lines (MV), and CFT improved significantly at 12 months after surgery (P < 0.001). The baseline BCVA, MH score, and MV score were significantly correlated with the corresponding BCVA, MH score, and MV score at 12 months after surgery (P < 0.01). The MH and MV scores at 12 months was significantly correlated with the BCVA at 12 months (P < 0.01), and the baseline MV score was significantly correlated with the BCVA at 12 months (P < 0.05). The MH score but not the MV score was significantly correlated with the CFT at baseline and 12 months (P < 0.05).
The preoperative BCVA, MH score, and MV score were prognostic factors for the corresponding postoperative BCVA, MH score, and MV score. These results suggest that surgery for ERM should be considered before severe reduction in the BCVA or the degree of metamorphopsia. In addition, the preoperative MV score was a prognostic factor for postoperative BCVA. The MH score but not the MV score was correlated with the CFT preoperatively and postoperatively.