[The quantitative analysis of the x-ray changes in the kidney calices in chronic pyelonephritis in children].Pediatriia. 1990P
As many as 89 patients aged 6 months to 14 years with microbial inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and 40 controls of the same age were examined. Of the patients, 55 had chronic pyelonephritis, 21 acute pyelonephritis, and 13 an infection of the urinary tract. For examination use was made of the planimetric method of measuring the width of the fornix and the cervix of the renal calyces on excretory urography. The fornicocervical index, product of the indicated parameters of the calyces, was computed. In health, that index did not exceed 24 units. In the majority of patients suffering from chronic pyelonephritis, it turned out higher. The false negative results were obtained in 7 cases. The fornicocervical index remained unchanged in patients with acute pyelonephritis and urinary tract infection. It is suggested that the fornicocervical index be computed for use as an objective criterion in the diagnosis of chronic pyelonephritis in children.