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Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players.
J Strength Cond Res. 2012 Jun; 26(6):1594-600.JS

Abstract

Training at the optimal load for peak power output (PPO) has been proposed as a method for enhancing power output, although others argue that the force, velocity, and PPO are of interest across the full range of loads. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of load on PPO, peak barbell velocity (BV), and peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) during the jump squat (JS) in a group of professional rugby players. Eleven male professional rugby players (age, 26 ± 3 years; height, 1.83 ± 6.12 m; mass, 97.3 ± 11.6 kg) performed loaded JS at loads of 20-100% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) JS. A force plate and linear position transducer, with a mechanical braking unit, were used to measure PPO, VGRF, and BV. Load had very large significant effects on PPO (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.915); peak VGRF (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.854); and peak BV (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.973). The PPO and peak BV were the highest at 20% 1RM, though PPO was not significantly greater than that at 30% 1RM. The peak VGRF was significantly greater at 1RM than all other loads, with no significant difference between 20 and 60% 1RM. In resistance trained professional rugby players, the optimal load for eliciting PPO during the loaded JS in the range measured occurs at 20% 1RM JS, with decreases in PPO and BV, and increases in VGRF, as the load is increased, although greater PPO likely occurs without any additional load.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sport, Physical Education, and Health Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland. tony.turner@ed.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22614146

Citation

Turner, Anthony P., et al. "Peak Power, Force, and Velocity During Jump Squats in Professional Rugby Players." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 26, no. 6, 2012, pp. 1594-600.
Turner AP, Unholz CN, Potts N, et al. Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(6):1594-600.
Turner, A. P., Unholz, C. N., Potts, N., & Coleman, S. G. (2012). Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(6), 1594-600. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318234ebe5
Turner AP, et al. Peak Power, Force, and Velocity During Jump Squats in Professional Rugby Players. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(6):1594-600. PubMed PMID: 22614146.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players. AU - Turner,Anthony P, AU - Unholz,Cedric N, AU - Potts,Neill, AU - Coleman,Simon G S, PY - 2012/5/23/entrez PY - 2012/5/23/pubmed PY - 2012/12/12/medline SP - 1594 EP - 600 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 26 IS - 6 N2 - Training at the optimal load for peak power output (PPO) has been proposed as a method for enhancing power output, although others argue that the force, velocity, and PPO are of interest across the full range of loads. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of load on PPO, peak barbell velocity (BV), and peak vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) during the jump squat (JS) in a group of professional rugby players. Eleven male professional rugby players (age, 26 ± 3 years; height, 1.83 ± 6.12 m; mass, 97.3 ± 11.6 kg) performed loaded JS at loads of 20-100% of 1 repetition maximum (1RM) JS. A force plate and linear position transducer, with a mechanical braking unit, were used to measure PPO, VGRF, and BV. Load had very large significant effects on PPO (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.915); peak VGRF (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.854); and peak BV (p < 0.001, partial η² = 0.973). The PPO and peak BV were the highest at 20% 1RM, though PPO was not significantly greater than that at 30% 1RM. The peak VGRF was significantly greater at 1RM than all other loads, with no significant difference between 20 and 60% 1RM. In resistance trained professional rugby players, the optimal load for eliciting PPO during the loaded JS in the range measured occurs at 20% 1RM JS, with decreases in PPO and BV, and increases in VGRF, as the load is increased, although greater PPO likely occurs without any additional load. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22614146/Peak_power_force_and_velocity_during_jump_squats_in_professional_rugby_players_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318234ebe5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -