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[Calibrated side-to-side portacaval anastomosis in the treatment of bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices. Results in 38 cirrhotic patients].
Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1990; 14(10):698-704.GC

Abstract

We report the clinical results of 38 calibrated side-to-side portocaval shunts performed in patients with hemorrhagic liver cirrhosis (alcoholic in 90 percent of cases). The operative mortality (at 2 months) was 10.5 percent. The rate of recurrent bleeding was 2.6 percent; hepatic encephalopathy was encountered in 16 percent (acute encephalopathy: 6.5 percent; chronic encephalopathy: 9.6 percent; this rate decreased to 3.2 percent after anastomotic narrowing). Hepatopedal portal blood flow was maintained in 74.3 percent of cases in the early postoperative period (83.3 percent since the portacaval pressure gradient was maintained at 2/3 of the initial gradient) and disappeared with time in 75 percent of cases. The survival rates at 1 and 4 years were 79.4 percent and 60 percent, respectively, for all patients (94.4 and 83.3 percent for Child A patients) with a normal social activity in 90 percent of cases. Twelve patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma. These clinical results are similar to those observed after selective shunts and suggest that the side-to-side calibrated portacaval shunt is an excellent procedure for the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in case of failure or contraindication to endoscopic sclerotherapy or in patients with chronic ascites and good liver function.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service de Chirurgie Générale, Hôpital Bellevue, Saint-Etienne.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

2262116

Citation

Chabert, M, et al. "[Calibrated Side-to-side Portacaval Anastomosis in the Treatment of Bleeding From Ruptured Esophageal Varices. Results in 38 Cirrhotic Patients]." Gastroenterologie Clinique Et Biologique, vol. 14, no. 10, 1990, pp. 698-704.
Chabert M, Page Y, Cadi F, et al. [Calibrated side-to-side portacaval anastomosis in the treatment of bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices. Results in 38 cirrhotic patients]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1990;14(10):698-704.
Chabert, M., Page, Y., Cadi, F., Porcheron, J., Dufraisse, G., Vigne-Rebaud, M. A., Barral, F., & Balique, J. G. (1990). [Calibrated side-to-side portacaval anastomosis in the treatment of bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices. Results in 38 cirrhotic patients]. Gastroenterologie Clinique Et Biologique, 14(10), 698-704.
Chabert M, et al. [Calibrated Side-to-side Portacaval Anastomosis in the Treatment of Bleeding From Ruptured Esophageal Varices. Results in 38 Cirrhotic Patients]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol. 1990;14(10):698-704. PubMed PMID: 2262116.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Calibrated side-to-side portacaval anastomosis in the treatment of bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices. Results in 38 cirrhotic patients]. AU - Chabert,M, AU - Page,Y, AU - Cadi,F, AU - Porcheron,J, AU - Dufraisse,G, AU - Vigne-Rebaud,M A, AU - Barral,F, AU - Balique,J G, PY - 1990/1/1/pubmed PY - 1990/1/1/medline PY - 1990/1/1/entrez SP - 698 EP - 704 JF - Gastroenterologie clinique et biologique JO - Gastroenterol Clin Biol VL - 14 IS - 10 N2 - We report the clinical results of 38 calibrated side-to-side portocaval shunts performed in patients with hemorrhagic liver cirrhosis (alcoholic in 90 percent of cases). The operative mortality (at 2 months) was 10.5 percent. The rate of recurrent bleeding was 2.6 percent; hepatic encephalopathy was encountered in 16 percent (acute encephalopathy: 6.5 percent; chronic encephalopathy: 9.6 percent; this rate decreased to 3.2 percent after anastomotic narrowing). Hepatopedal portal blood flow was maintained in 74.3 percent of cases in the early postoperative period (83.3 percent since the portacaval pressure gradient was maintained at 2/3 of the initial gradient) and disappeared with time in 75 percent of cases. The survival rates at 1 and 4 years were 79.4 percent and 60 percent, respectively, for all patients (94.4 and 83.3 percent for Child A patients) with a normal social activity in 90 percent of cases. Twelve patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma. These clinical results are similar to those observed after selective shunts and suggest that the side-to-side calibrated portacaval shunt is an excellent procedure for the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in case of failure or contraindication to endoscopic sclerotherapy or in patients with chronic ascites and good liver function. SN - 0399-8320 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2262116/[Calibrated_side_to_side_portacaval_anastomosis_in_the_treatment_of_bleeding_from_ruptured_esophageal_varices__Results_in_38_cirrhotic_patients]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -