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Leptospirosis following a major flood in Central Queensland, Australia.
Epidemiol Infect. 2013 Mar; 141(3):585-90.EI

Abstract

Throughout December 2010 and January 2011, Queensland experienced widespread flooding due to unusually protracted and heavy rainfalls. In mid-January 2011, four individuals from a small community in Central Queensland were hospitalized with leptospirosis. A further five cases were subsequently identified from around Central Queensland, bringing the total to nine. Microscopic agglutination testing found that serovar Arborea (Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Arborea) was presumptively responsible for leptospirosis in seven of nine confirmed cases. Serovars Hardjo and Australis were identified in samples from two remaining cases. All cases had exposure to flood water. No single exposure source was identified. This is the first reported outbreak of leptospirosis in Central Queensland and the first report of leptospirosis cases associated with flood water inundation in Queensland. Public health authorities should continue to promote awareness of leptospirosis in flood-affected populations. Healthcare providers must maintain a high level of suspicion for leptospirosis during and after flood events.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Central Queensland Public Health Unit, Queensland Health, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.Wide Bay Public Health Unit, Queensland Health, Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia.Central Queensland Public Health Unit, Queensland Health, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.WHO/FAO/OIE Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Leptospirosis, Queensland Health Forensic and Scientific Services, Queensland Health, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22625176

Citation

Smith, J K G., et al. "Leptospirosis Following a Major Flood in Central Queensland, Australia." Epidemiology and Infection, vol. 141, no. 3, 2013, pp. 585-90.
Smith JK, Young MM, Wilson KL, et al. Leptospirosis following a major flood in Central Queensland, Australia. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141(3):585-90.
Smith, J. K., Young, M. M., Wilson, K. L., & Craig, S. B. (2013). Leptospirosis following a major flood in Central Queensland, Australia. Epidemiology and Infection, 141(3), 585-90. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268812001021
Smith JK, et al. Leptospirosis Following a Major Flood in Central Queensland, Australia. Epidemiol Infect. 2013;141(3):585-90. PubMed PMID: 22625176.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Leptospirosis following a major flood in Central Queensland, Australia. AU - Smith,J K G, AU - Young,M M, AU - Wilson,K L, AU - Craig,S B, Y1 - 2012/05/25/ PY - 2012/5/26/entrez PY - 2012/5/26/pubmed PY - 2014/5/13/medline SP - 585 EP - 90 JF - Epidemiology and infection JO - Epidemiol Infect VL - 141 IS - 3 N2 - Throughout December 2010 and January 2011, Queensland experienced widespread flooding due to unusually protracted and heavy rainfalls. In mid-January 2011, four individuals from a small community in Central Queensland were hospitalized with leptospirosis. A further five cases were subsequently identified from around Central Queensland, bringing the total to nine. Microscopic agglutination testing found that serovar Arborea (Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Arborea) was presumptively responsible for leptospirosis in seven of nine confirmed cases. Serovars Hardjo and Australis were identified in samples from two remaining cases. All cases had exposure to flood water. No single exposure source was identified. This is the first reported outbreak of leptospirosis in Central Queensland and the first report of leptospirosis cases associated with flood water inundation in Queensland. Public health authorities should continue to promote awareness of leptospirosis in flood-affected populations. Healthcare providers must maintain a high level of suspicion for leptospirosis during and after flood events. SN - 1469-4409 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22625176/Leptospirosis_following_a_major_flood_in_Central_Queensland_Australia_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0950268812001021/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -