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Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days.
Public Health Nutr. 2012 Sep; 15(9):1653-60.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare differences in children's diet quality on weekdays (Monday-Thursday), Fridays and weekend days.

DESIGN

A representative cross-sectional study in which participants completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Mean intakes of energy, macronutrients and selected food items (g/10 MJ) as well as energy density were compared between weekdays, Fridays and weekend days for each gender in three age groups (4-6, 7-10 and 11-14 years) using Tobit analysis to account for zero intakes.

SETTING

The Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003-2008.

SUBJECTS

Children (n 784; 49·9 % boys) aged 4-14 years.

RESULTS

For both genders in all age groups (P < 0·05), energy intake was higher during weekends than on weekdays, and intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and white bread were higher, whereas intake of rye bread was lower. This contributed to a higher percentage of energy from added sugars, a lower fibre content and a higher energy density on weekend days v. weekdays. In children aged 4-6 and 7-10 years, the diet on weekend days was also characterized by higher intakes of sweets and chocolate and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables. Overall, the diet on Fridays appeared as a mix of the diets on weekdays and weekend days.

CONCLUSIONS

Significant differences and distinct characteristic patterns were found in children's diet quality during weekdays, Fridays and weekend days. The present study suggests that in prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, more attention should be paid to the higher energy intake, especially from sugar-rich foods and beverages, on Fridays and weekend days.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark. bewro@food.dtu.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22625874

Citation

Rothausen, Berit W., et al. "Differences in Danish Children's Diet Quality On Weekdays V. Weekend Days." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 15, no. 9, 2012, pp. 1653-60.
Rothausen BW, Matthiessen J, Hoppe C, et al. Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(9):1653-60.
Rothausen, B. W., Matthiessen, J., Hoppe, C., Brockhoff, P. B., Andersen, L. F., & Tetens, I. (2012). Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days. Public Health Nutrition, 15(9), 1653-60. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980012002674
Rothausen BW, et al. Differences in Danish Children's Diet Quality On Weekdays V. Weekend Days. Public Health Nutr. 2012;15(9):1653-60. PubMed PMID: 22625874.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences in Danish children's diet quality on weekdays v. weekend days. AU - Rothausen,Berit W, AU - Matthiessen,Jeppe, AU - Hoppe,Camilla, AU - Brockhoff,Per B, AU - Andersen,Lene F, AU - Tetens,Inge, Y1 - 2012/05/25/ PY - 2012/5/26/entrez PY - 2012/5/26/pubmed PY - 2013/6/29/medline SP - 1653 EP - 60 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 15 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare differences in children's diet quality on weekdays (Monday-Thursday), Fridays and weekend days. DESIGN: A representative cross-sectional study in which participants completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Mean intakes of energy, macronutrients and selected food items (g/10 MJ) as well as energy density were compared between weekdays, Fridays and weekend days for each gender in three age groups (4-6, 7-10 and 11-14 years) using Tobit analysis to account for zero intakes. SETTING: The Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003-2008. SUBJECTS: Children (n 784; 49·9 % boys) aged 4-14 years. RESULTS: For both genders in all age groups (P < 0·05), energy intake was higher during weekends than on weekdays, and intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and white bread were higher, whereas intake of rye bread was lower. This contributed to a higher percentage of energy from added sugars, a lower fibre content and a higher energy density on weekend days v. weekdays. In children aged 4-6 and 7-10 years, the diet on weekend days was also characterized by higher intakes of sweets and chocolate and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables. Overall, the diet on Fridays appeared as a mix of the diets on weekdays and weekend days. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences and distinct characteristic patterns were found in children's diet quality during weekdays, Fridays and weekend days. The present study suggests that in prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, more attention should be paid to the higher energy intake, especially from sugar-rich foods and beverages, on Fridays and weekend days. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22625874/Differences_in_Danish_children's_diet_quality_on_weekdays_v__weekend_days_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980012002674/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -