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Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids over schwertmannite.
Chemosphere. 2012 Oct; 89(7):832-7.C

Abstract

In this study, a series of bath experiments was carried out to investigate the photoreduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids (SOAs) over schwertmannite, a mineral found in acid mine drainage (AMD). The results demonstrated that schwertmannite or SOAs alone was unable to effectively transform Cr(VI) to Cr(III) even if exposed to an illumination of mimic solar light. However, an addition of schwertmannite significantly enhanced the reduction of Cr(VI) by SOAs under the same condition. For example, 100μM Cr(VI) was almost completely removed within 50min in the presence of both schwertmannite (0.6gL(-1)) and oxalic acid (300μM) at pH 3.0. The photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) was strongly influenced by pH, the initial concentrations and the structures of SOAs. Of the tested three SOAs, the reaction rates of photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) were in the order of oxalic acid>citric acid>tartaric acid. The reaction obeyed to zero-order kinetics with respect to Cr(VI) with excess SOAs. A possible mechanism for photoreduction of Cr(VI) by SOAs over schwertmannite was proposed. Fe(III) on the surface of schwertmannite was dissolved by SOAs, and then Fe(III)-SOA complexes with high photochemical activity formed. Further, Fe(II) together with organic acid radicals, CO(2)(-) and O(2)(-), was generated through a metal-ligand-charge-transfer pathway (MLCT), leading to a rapid reduction of Cr(VI).

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, PR China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22652441

Citation

Jiang, Danjun, et al. "Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) By Small Molecular Weight Organic Acids Over Schwertmannite." Chemosphere, vol. 89, no. 7, 2012, pp. 832-7.
Jiang D, Li Y, Wu Y, et al. Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids over schwertmannite. Chemosphere. 2012;89(7):832-7.
Jiang, D., Li, Y., Wu, Y., Zhou, P., Lan, Y., & Zhou, L. (2012). Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids over schwertmannite. Chemosphere, 89(7), 832-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.05.001
Jiang D, et al. Photocatalytic Reduction of Cr(VI) By Small Molecular Weight Organic Acids Over Schwertmannite. Chemosphere. 2012;89(7):832-7. PubMed PMID: 22652441.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids over schwertmannite. AU - Jiang,Danjun, AU - Li,Ying, AU - Wu,Yong, AU - Zhou,Pei, AU - Lan,Yeqing, AU - Zhou,Lixiang, Y1 - 2012/05/29/ PY - 2012/02/04/received PY - 2012/05/02/revised PY - 2012/05/03/accepted PY - 2012/6/2/entrez PY - 2012/6/2/pubmed PY - 2012/12/15/medline SP - 832 EP - 7 JF - Chemosphere JO - Chemosphere VL - 89 IS - 7 N2 - In this study, a series of bath experiments was carried out to investigate the photoreduction of Cr(VI) by small molecular weight organic acids (SOAs) over schwertmannite, a mineral found in acid mine drainage (AMD). The results demonstrated that schwertmannite or SOAs alone was unable to effectively transform Cr(VI) to Cr(III) even if exposed to an illumination of mimic solar light. However, an addition of schwertmannite significantly enhanced the reduction of Cr(VI) by SOAs under the same condition. For example, 100μM Cr(VI) was almost completely removed within 50min in the presence of both schwertmannite (0.6gL(-1)) and oxalic acid (300μM) at pH 3.0. The photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) was strongly influenced by pH, the initial concentrations and the structures of SOAs. Of the tested three SOAs, the reaction rates of photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) were in the order of oxalic acid>citric acid>tartaric acid. The reaction obeyed to zero-order kinetics with respect to Cr(VI) with excess SOAs. A possible mechanism for photoreduction of Cr(VI) by SOAs over schwertmannite was proposed. Fe(III) on the surface of schwertmannite was dissolved by SOAs, and then Fe(III)-SOA complexes with high photochemical activity formed. Further, Fe(II) together with organic acid radicals, CO(2)(-) and O(2)(-), was generated through a metal-ligand-charge-transfer pathway (MLCT), leading to a rapid reduction of Cr(VI). SN - 1879-1298 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22652441/Photocatalytic_reduction_of_Cr_VI__by_small_molecular_weight_organic_acids_over_schwertmannite_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0045-6535(12)00598-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -