Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A systems approach to accident causation in mining: an application of the HFACS method.
Accid Anal Prev. 2012 Sep; 48:111-7.AA

Abstract

This project aimed to provide a greater understanding of the systemic factors involved in mining accidents, and to examine those organisational and supervisory failures that are predictive of sub-standard performance at operator level. A sample of 263 significant mining incidents in Australia across 2007-2008 were analysed using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS). Two human factors specialists independently undertook the analysis. Incidents occurred more frequently in operations concerning the use of surface mobile equipment (38%) and working at heights (21%), however injury was more frequently associated with electrical operations and vehicles and machinery. Several HFACS categories appeared frequently: skill-based errors (64%) and violations (57%), issues with the physical environment (56%), and organisational processes (65%). Focussing on the overall system, several factors were found to predict the presence of failures in other parts of the system, including planned inappropriate operations and team resource management; inadequate supervision and team resource management; and organisational climate and inadequate supervision. It is recommended that these associations deserve greater attention in future attempts to develop accident countermeasures, although other significant associations should not be ignored. In accordance with findings from previous HFACS-based analyses of aviation and medical incidents, efforts to reduce the frequency of unsafe acts or operations should be directed to a few critical HFACS categories at the higher levels: organisational climate, planned inadequate operations, and inadequate supervision. While remedial strategies are proposed it is important that future efforts evaluate the utility of the measures proposed in studies of system safety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Victoria, Australia. Michael.Lenne@monash.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22664674

Citation

Lenné, Michael G., et al. "A Systems Approach to Accident Causation in Mining: an Application of the HFACS Method." Accident; Analysis and Prevention, vol. 48, 2012, pp. 111-7.
Lenné MG, Salmon PM, Liu CC, et al. A systems approach to accident causation in mining: an application of the HFACS method. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;48:111-7.
Lenné, M. G., Salmon, P. M., Liu, C. C., & Trotter, M. (2012). A systems approach to accident causation in mining: an application of the HFACS method. Accident; Analysis and Prevention, 48, 111-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.026
Lenné MG, et al. A Systems Approach to Accident Causation in Mining: an Application of the HFACS Method. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;48:111-7. PubMed PMID: 22664674.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A systems approach to accident causation in mining: an application of the HFACS method. AU - Lenné,Michael G, AU - Salmon,Paul M, AU - Liu,Charles C, AU - Trotter,Margaret, Y1 - 2011/06/23/ PY - 2010/10/30/received PY - 2011/05/14/revised PY - 2011/05/24/accepted PY - 2012/6/6/entrez PY - 2012/6/6/pubmed PY - 2012/10/17/medline SP - 111 EP - 7 JF - Accident; analysis and prevention JO - Accid Anal Prev VL - 48 N2 - This project aimed to provide a greater understanding of the systemic factors involved in mining accidents, and to examine those organisational and supervisory failures that are predictive of sub-standard performance at operator level. A sample of 263 significant mining incidents in Australia across 2007-2008 were analysed using the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS). Two human factors specialists independently undertook the analysis. Incidents occurred more frequently in operations concerning the use of surface mobile equipment (38%) and working at heights (21%), however injury was more frequently associated with electrical operations and vehicles and machinery. Several HFACS categories appeared frequently: skill-based errors (64%) and violations (57%), issues with the physical environment (56%), and organisational processes (65%). Focussing on the overall system, several factors were found to predict the presence of failures in other parts of the system, including planned inappropriate operations and team resource management; inadequate supervision and team resource management; and organisational climate and inadequate supervision. It is recommended that these associations deserve greater attention in future attempts to develop accident countermeasures, although other significant associations should not be ignored. In accordance with findings from previous HFACS-based analyses of aviation and medical incidents, efforts to reduce the frequency of unsafe acts or operations should be directed to a few critical HFACS categories at the higher levels: organisational climate, planned inadequate operations, and inadequate supervision. While remedial strategies are proposed it is important that future efforts evaluate the utility of the measures proposed in studies of system safety. SN - 1879-2057 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22664674/A_systems_approach_to_accident_causation_in_mining:_an_application_of_the_HFACS_method_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001-4575(11)00145-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -