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Consumption of dairy products and associations with incident diabetes, CHD and mortality in the Whitehall II study.
Br J Nutr. 2013 Feb 28; 109(4):718-26.BJ

Abstract

Few prospective studies have examined the effects of different types of dairy food on the risks of type 2 diabetes, CHD and mortality. We examined whether intakes of total dairy, high-fat dairy, low-fat dairy, milk and fermented dairy products were related to these outcomes in the Whitehall II prospective cohort study. At baseline, dairy consumption was assessed by FFQ among 4526 subjects (72% men) with a mean age 56 (sd 6) years. Death certificates and medical records were used to ascertain CHD mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction. Incident diabetes was detected by the oral glucose tolerance test or self-report. Incidence data were analysed using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for lifestyle and dietary factors. During approximately 10 years of follow-up, 273 diabetes, 323 CHD and 237 all-cause mortality cases occurred. In multivariable models, intakes of total dairy and types of dairy products were not significantly associated with incident diabetes or CHD (all P values for trend >0·1). Fermented dairy products was inversely associated with overall mortality (hazard ratios approximately 0·7 in the middle and highest tertiles; P for trend < 0·01) but not with incident CHD or diabetes (P>0·3). In conclusion, intakes of total dairy and types of dairy products showed no consistent relationship with incident diabetes, CHD or all-cause mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands.Department of Epidemiology and Public-Health, University College London, London, UK.Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands.Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV Wageningen, The Netherlands.Department of Epidemiology and Public-Health, University College London, London, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22676797

Citation

Soedamah-Muthu, Sabita S., et al. "Consumption of Dairy Products and Associations With Incident Diabetes, CHD and Mortality in the Whitehall II Study." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 109, no. 4, 2013, pp. 718-26.
Soedamah-Muthu SS, Masset G, Verberne L, et al. Consumption of dairy products and associations with incident diabetes, CHD and mortality in the Whitehall II study. Br J Nutr. 2013;109(4):718-26.
Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Masset, G., Verberne, L., Geleijnse, J. M., & Brunner, E. J. (2013). Consumption of dairy products and associations with incident diabetes, CHD and mortality in the Whitehall II study. The British Journal of Nutrition, 109(4), 718-26. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001845
Soedamah-Muthu SS, et al. Consumption of Dairy Products and Associations With Incident Diabetes, CHD and Mortality in the Whitehall II Study. Br J Nutr. 2013 Feb 28;109(4):718-26. PubMed PMID: 22676797.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption of dairy products and associations with incident diabetes, CHD and mortality in the Whitehall II study. AU - Soedamah-Muthu,Sabita S, AU - Masset,Gabriel, AU - Verberne,Lisa, AU - Geleijnse,Johanna M, AU - Brunner,Eric J, Y1 - 2012/06/07/ PY - 2012/6/9/entrez PY - 2012/6/9/pubmed PY - 2014/5/28/medline SP - 718 EP - 26 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 109 IS - 4 N2 - Few prospective studies have examined the effects of different types of dairy food on the risks of type 2 diabetes, CHD and mortality. We examined whether intakes of total dairy, high-fat dairy, low-fat dairy, milk and fermented dairy products were related to these outcomes in the Whitehall II prospective cohort study. At baseline, dairy consumption was assessed by FFQ among 4526 subjects (72% men) with a mean age 56 (sd 6) years. Death certificates and medical records were used to ascertain CHD mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction. Incident diabetes was detected by the oral glucose tolerance test or self-report. Incidence data were analysed using Cox proportional hazards models, adjusted for lifestyle and dietary factors. During approximately 10 years of follow-up, 273 diabetes, 323 CHD and 237 all-cause mortality cases occurred. In multivariable models, intakes of total dairy and types of dairy products were not significantly associated with incident diabetes or CHD (all P values for trend >0·1). Fermented dairy products was inversely associated with overall mortality (hazard ratios approximately 0·7 in the middle and highest tertiles; P for trend < 0·01) but not with incident CHD or diabetes (P>0·3). In conclusion, intakes of total dairy and types of dairy products showed no consistent relationship with incident diabetes, CHD or all-cause mortality. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22676797/Consumption_of_dairy_products_and_associations_with_incident_diabetes_CHD_and_mortality_in_the_Whitehall_II_study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114512001845/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -