Electrochemical sensor based on gold nanoparticles fabricated molecularly imprinted polymer film at chitosan-platinum nanoparticles/graphene-gold nanoparticles double nanocomposites modified electrode for detection of erythromycin.Biosens Bioelectron. 2012 Oct-Dec; 38(1):163-9.BB
A molecularly imprinted electrochemical sensor was fabricated based on gold electrode decorated by chitosan-platinum nanoparticles (CS-PtNPs) and graphene-gold nanoparticles (GR-AuNPs) nanocomposites for convenient and sensitive determination of erythromycin. The synergistic effects of CS-PtNPs and GR-AuNPs nanocomposites improved the electrochemical response and the sensitivity of the sensor. The molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were prepared by HAuCl(4), 2-mercaptonicotinic acid (MNA) and erythromycin. Erythromycin and MNA were used as template molecule and functional monomer, respectively. They were first assembled on the surface of GR-AuNPs/CS-PtNPs/gold electrode by the formation of Au-S bonds and hydrogen-bonding interactions. Then the MIPs were formed by electropolymerization of HAuCl(4), MNA and erythromycin. The sensor was characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-visible (UV-vis) absorption speactra and amperometry. The linear range of the sensor was from 7.0 × 10(-8)mol/L-9.0 × 10(-5)mol/L, with the limit of detection (LOD) of 2.3 × 10(-8)mol/L (S/N=3). The sensor showed high selectivity, excellent stability and good reproducibility for the determination of erythromycin, and it was successfully applied to the detection of erythromycin in real spiked samples.