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Clinical significance of the androgenicity of progestins in hormonal therapy in women.
Clin Ther. 1990 Sep-Oct; 12(5):447-55.CT

Abstract

Optimal efficacy has been achieved in both oral contraception and postmenopausal replacement therapy. The current challenge is to minimize the side effects and metabolic impact of the administered hormones in both oral contraceptives and hormone replacement agents. When the dose of estrogen in oral contraceptives was reduced the risk of thromboembolism decreased, but the androgenic side effects of the progestin became increasingly apparent. The addition of progestins to hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of endometrial cancer associated with unopposed estrogen, but their androgenicity offsets the favorable effects of estrogen on lipid metabolism. Androgens not only cause troublesome clinical side effects but also induce changes in blood levels of lipoproteins that have been associated with an increased risk of atherogenesis and coronary heart disease, as well as alterations in glucose and insulin levels. Both the side effects and the adverse effects on lipoprotein and glucose metabolism can be reduced by the use of less androgenic progestins.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saint Joseph Hospital, Evanston, Illinois.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2268868

Citation

Linn, E S.. "Clinical Significance of the Androgenicity of Progestins in Hormonal Therapy in Women." Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 12, no. 5, 1990, pp. 447-55.
Linn ES. Clinical significance of the androgenicity of progestins in hormonal therapy in women. Clin Ther. 1990;12(5):447-55.
Linn, E. S. (1990). Clinical significance of the androgenicity of progestins in hormonal therapy in women. Clinical Therapeutics, 12(5), 447-55.
Linn ES. Clinical Significance of the Androgenicity of Progestins in Hormonal Therapy in Women. Clin Ther. 1990 Sep-Oct;12(5):447-55. PubMed PMID: 2268868.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical significance of the androgenicity of progestins in hormonal therapy in women. A1 - Linn,E S, PY - 1990/9/1/pubmed PY - 1990/9/1/medline PY - 1990/9/1/entrez KW - Biology KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Agents--pharmacodynamics KW - Contraceptive Methods--complications KW - Contraceptive Methods--side effects KW - Family Planning KW - Levonorgestrel KW - Lipid Metabolic Effects KW - Lipids KW - Norethindrone KW - Oral Contraceptives--complications KW - Oral Contraceptives--side effects KW - Physiology KW - Theoretical Studies SP - 447 EP - 55 JF - Clinical therapeutics JO - Clin Ther VL - 12 IS - 5 N2 - Optimal efficacy has been achieved in both oral contraception and postmenopausal replacement therapy. The current challenge is to minimize the side effects and metabolic impact of the administered hormones in both oral contraceptives and hormone replacement agents. When the dose of estrogen in oral contraceptives was reduced the risk of thromboembolism decreased, but the androgenic side effects of the progestin became increasingly apparent. The addition of progestins to hormone replacement therapy reduces the risk of endometrial cancer associated with unopposed estrogen, but their androgenicity offsets the favorable effects of estrogen on lipid metabolism. Androgens not only cause troublesome clinical side effects but also induce changes in blood levels of lipoproteins that have been associated with an increased risk of atherogenesis and coronary heart disease, as well as alterations in glucose and insulin levels. Both the side effects and the adverse effects on lipoprotein and glucose metabolism can be reduced by the use of less androgenic progestins. SN - 0149-2918 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2268868/Clinical_significance_of_the_androgenicity_of_progestins_in_hormonal_therapy_in_women_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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