Superacid synthesis of halogen containing N-substituted-4-aminobenzene sulfonamides: new selective tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Mar 15; 21(6):1555-63.BM
A series of new, halogen containing N-substituted 4-aminobenzenesulfonamides were synthesized by using superacid HF/SbF5 chemistry and investigated as inhibitors of several human carbonic anhydrase (hCA, EC 220.127.116.11) isoforms, that is, the cytosolic hCA I and II and, the tumor-associated transmembrane isoforms hCA IX and XII. Despite the substitution of the sulfonamide function, the presence of fluorine atom(s) in β position of the sulfonamide function strongly favors hCA inhibition. A similar effect of the β-fluorinated alkyl substitution on the amino function has been also observed. Among the tested compounds, several chlorinated derivatives have been identified as selective nanomolar, tumor-associated isoforms inhibitors. These non-primary sulfonamides probably bind in the coumarin-binding site, at the entrance of the cavity, and not to the metal ion as the primary sulfonamide inhibitors.