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Limited percentages of adults in Washington State meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables.

Abstract

Nutritious diets that include sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables promote health and reduce risk for chronic diseases. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend four to 13 servings of fruits and vegetables daily for energy intake levels of 1,000 to 3,200 kcal, including seven to 13 servings for 1,600 to 3,000 kcal/day as recommended for adults aged ≥25 years. The 2006-2007 Washington Adult Health Survey, a cross-sectional study designed to measure risk factors for cardiovascular disease among a representative sample of Washington State residents aged ≥25 years, included a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The FFQ included approximately 120 food items and summary questions for fruits and vegetables that were used to compute energy intake and two measures of fruit and vegetable intake. Measure 1 was computed as the sum of intake of individual FFQ fruit and vegetable items; Measure 2 combined the summary questions with selected individual FFQ fruit and vegetable items. Depending on the measure used, approximately 14% to 22% of 519 participants with complete information met the guidelines for fruits, 11% to 15% for vegetables, and 5% to 6% for both fruits and vegetables. Participants aged ≥65 years and women were more likely to meet recommendations, compared with younger participants and men. Despite decades of public health attention, the vast majority of Washington State residents do not consume the recommended amount of fruits or vegetables daily. These findings underscore the need for developing and evaluating new approaches to promote fruit and vegetable consumption.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Non-Infectious Conditions Epidemiology Unit, Washington State Department of Health, Olympia, WA 98504-7812, USA. juliet.vaneenwyk@doh.wa.gov

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Energy Intake
    Female
    Fruit
    Guidelines as Topic
    Health Promotion
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Policy
    Sex Characteristics
    United States
    Vegetables
    Washington

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22709774

    Citation

    Ta, Myduc L., et al. "Limited Percentages of Adults in Washington State Meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Recommended Intakes of Fruits and Vegetables." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 112, no. 5, 2012, pp. 699-704.
    Ta ML, VanEenwyk J, Bensley L. Limited percentages of adults in Washington State meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):699-704.
    Ta, M. L., VanEenwyk, J., & Bensley, L. (2012). Limited percentages of adults in Washington State meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(5), pp. 699-704. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2011.12.005.
    Ta ML, VanEenwyk J, Bensley L. Limited Percentages of Adults in Washington State Meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Recommended Intakes of Fruits and Vegetables. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):699-704. PubMed PMID: 22709774.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Limited percentages of adults in Washington State meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommended intakes of fruits and vegetables. AU - Ta,Myduc L, AU - VanEenwyk,Juliet, AU - Bensley,Lillian, Y1 - 2012/04/25/ PY - 2011/06/30/received PY - 2011/11/22/accepted PY - 2012/6/20/entrez PY - 2012/6/20/pubmed PY - 2012/8/28/medline SP - 699 EP - 704 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 112 IS - 5 N2 - Nutritious diets that include sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables promote health and reduce risk for chronic diseases. The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend four to 13 servings of fruits and vegetables daily for energy intake levels of 1,000 to 3,200 kcal, including seven to 13 servings for 1,600 to 3,000 kcal/day as recommended for adults aged ≥25 years. The 2006-2007 Washington Adult Health Survey, a cross-sectional study designed to measure risk factors for cardiovascular disease among a representative sample of Washington State residents aged ≥25 years, included a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The FFQ included approximately 120 food items and summary questions for fruits and vegetables that were used to compute energy intake and two measures of fruit and vegetable intake. Measure 1 was computed as the sum of intake of individual FFQ fruit and vegetable items; Measure 2 combined the summary questions with selected individual FFQ fruit and vegetable items. Depending on the measure used, approximately 14% to 22% of 519 participants with complete information met the guidelines for fruits, 11% to 15% for vegetables, and 5% to 6% for both fruits and vegetables. Participants aged ≥65 years and women were more likely to meet recommendations, compared with younger participants and men. Despite decades of public health attention, the vast majority of Washington State residents do not consume the recommended amount of fruits or vegetables daily. These findings underscore the need for developing and evaluating new approaches to promote fruit and vegetable consumption. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22709774/Limited_percentages_of_adults_in_Washington_State_meet_the_Dietary_Guidelines_for_Americans_recommended_intakes_of_fruits_and_vegetables_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(11)01951-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -