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Kangaroo Mother Care: four years of experience in very low birth weight and preterm infants.
Minerva Pediatr. 2012 Aug; 64(4):377-83.MP

Abstract

AIM

Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a method of providing care for preterm infants through skin-to-skin contact with the mother and, preferably, exclusive breastfeeding. The growing interest in KMC at the Neonatology Unit of Pisa has provided the occasion for a retrospective analysis of the last four years, comparing the clinical effects of the kangaroo method vs. those obtained with conventional care (CNC) with respect to indicators of the general health of the infants (indices of growth, and duration of breastfeeding and hospitalization).

METHODS

A total of 213 infants, aged <37 gestational weeks and weighing ≤1500 g were enrolled for the study; these were divided into two groups for the purpose of comparison (91 in KMC vs. 71 in CNC).

RESULTS

The indices of growth and the duration of the infants in hospital were not significantly different in the two groups. Nevertheless, it is worth noting how KMC is more efficacious in the very tiny VLBW infants, and that the means of the growth parameters in the KMC infants are greater than those referring to the CNC subjects, body temperatures taken at the beginning and end of a KMC session are higher, and that the mother-child relationship facilitates better sucking-feeding.

CONCLUSION

While KMC is equivalent to CNC in terms of safety, thermal protection, morbidity and auxologic development, it appears to promote humanisation of infant care and mother-child bond more quickly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Neonatology Unit, Mother and Child Department, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. cristinatuoni@live.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22728609

Citation

Tuoni, C, et al. "Kangaroo Mother Care: Four Years of Experience in Very Low Birth Weight and Preterm Infants." Minerva Pediatrica, vol. 64, no. 4, 2012, pp. 377-83.
Tuoni C, Scaramuzzo RT, Ghirri P, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care: four years of experience in very low birth weight and preterm infants. Minerva Pediatr. 2012;64(4):377-83.
Tuoni, C., Scaramuzzo, R. T., Ghirri, P., Boldrini, A., & Bartalena, L. (2012). Kangaroo Mother Care: four years of experience in very low birth weight and preterm infants. Minerva Pediatrica, 64(4), 377-83.
Tuoni C, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care: Four Years of Experience in Very Low Birth Weight and Preterm Infants. Minerva Pediatr. 2012;64(4):377-83. PubMed PMID: 22728609.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kangaroo Mother Care: four years of experience in very low birth weight and preterm infants. AU - Tuoni,C, AU - Scaramuzzo,R T, AU - Ghirri,P, AU - Boldrini,A, AU - Bartalena,L, PY - 2012/6/26/entrez PY - 2012/6/26/pubmed PY - 2013/1/10/medline SP - 377 EP - 83 JF - Minerva pediatrica JO - Minerva Pediatr VL - 64 IS - 4 N2 - AIM: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) is a method of providing care for preterm infants through skin-to-skin contact with the mother and, preferably, exclusive breastfeeding. The growing interest in KMC at the Neonatology Unit of Pisa has provided the occasion for a retrospective analysis of the last four years, comparing the clinical effects of the kangaroo method vs. those obtained with conventional care (CNC) with respect to indicators of the general health of the infants (indices of growth, and duration of breastfeeding and hospitalization). METHODS: A total of 213 infants, aged <37 gestational weeks and weighing ≤1500 g were enrolled for the study; these were divided into two groups for the purpose of comparison (91 in KMC vs. 71 in CNC). RESULTS: The indices of growth and the duration of the infants in hospital were not significantly different in the two groups. Nevertheless, it is worth noting how KMC is more efficacious in the very tiny VLBW infants, and that the means of the growth parameters in the KMC infants are greater than those referring to the CNC subjects, body temperatures taken at the beginning and end of a KMC session are higher, and that the mother-child relationship facilitates better sucking-feeding. CONCLUSION: While KMC is equivalent to CNC in terms of safety, thermal protection, morbidity and auxologic development, it appears to promote humanisation of infant care and mother-child bond more quickly. SN - 0026-4946 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22728609/Kangaroo_Mother_Care:_four_years_of_experience_in_very_low_birth_weight_and_preterm_infants_ L2 - http://www.minervamedica.it/index2.t?show=R15Y2012N04A0377 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -