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Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children.
Nutr Hosp. 2012 Mar-Apr; 27(2):599-605.NH

Abstract

INTRODUCTION & AIMS: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight.

METHODS

Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Analysed factors as potential predictors of childhood overweight were sex, age, birth weight, infant feeding, number of siblings, as well as parental marital status, educational level and obesity. Prevalence of overweight stratified by potential determinants was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between variables and the likelihood of being overweight.

RESULTS

The overweight prevalence (including obesity) was 30.3% in boys and 28.3% in girls, according to the IOTF criteria. Higher rates in younger subjects and some gender differences were observed. Parental obesity was the most important predictive variable for childhood overweight in both sexes and birth weight over 3,500 g in girls (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3). Having one or more siblings (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9) and higher paternal education (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.6-0.9) in boys, and older age in girls (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-.09), resulted protective factors against childhood overweight. No independent effects of marital status, maternal education and infant feeding patterns on childhood excess weight were identified.

CONCLUSIONS

Perinatal and parental factors could contribute to predict the risk of being overweight/obese in children aged 6 to 12 years, which should be considered when formulating obesity prevention and intervention strategies, stressing the importance of targeting obese parents with young children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Ciencias de la Alimentación, Fisiología y Toxicología, Universidad de Navarra, Navarra, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22732989

Citation

Santiago, S, et al. "Perinatal and Parental Determinants of Childhood Overweight in 6-12 Years Old Children." Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 27, no. 2, 2012, pp. 599-605.
Santiago S, Zazpe I, Cuervo M, et al. Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children. Nutr Hosp. 2012;27(2):599-605.
Santiago, S., Zazpe, I., Cuervo, M., & Martínez, J. A. (2012). Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 27(2), 599-605. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0212-16112012000200037
Santiago S, et al. Perinatal and Parental Determinants of Childhood Overweight in 6-12 Years Old Children. Nutr Hosp. 2012;27(2):599-605. PubMed PMID: 22732989.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children. AU - Santiago,S, AU - Zazpe,I, AU - Cuervo,M, AU - Martínez,J A, PY - 2011/10/10/received PY - 2011/11/27/accepted PY - 2012/6/27/entrez PY - 2012/6/27/pubmed PY - 2012/11/14/medline SP - 599 EP - 605 JF - Nutricion hospitalaria JO - Nutr Hosp VL - 27 IS - 2 N2 - UNLABELLED: INTRODUCTION & AIMS: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Analysed factors as potential predictors of childhood overweight were sex, age, birth weight, infant feeding, number of siblings, as well as parental marital status, educational level and obesity. Prevalence of overweight stratified by potential determinants was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between variables and the likelihood of being overweight. RESULTS: The overweight prevalence (including obesity) was 30.3% in boys and 28.3% in girls, according to the IOTF criteria. Higher rates in younger subjects and some gender differences were observed. Parental obesity was the most important predictive variable for childhood overweight in both sexes and birth weight over 3,500 g in girls (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3). Having one or more siblings (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9) and higher paternal education (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.6-0.9) in boys, and older age in girls (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-.09), resulted protective factors against childhood overweight. No independent effects of marital status, maternal education and infant feeding patterns on childhood excess weight were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal and parental factors could contribute to predict the risk of being overweight/obese in children aged 6 to 12 years, which should be considered when formulating obesity prevention and intervention strategies, stressing the importance of targeting obese parents with young children. SN - 1699-5198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22732989/Perinatal_and_parental_determinants_of_childhood_overweight_in_6_12_years_old_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -