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Foods with added fiber lower serum creatinine levels in patients with chronic kidney disease.
J Ren Nutr. 2013 Mar; 23(2):e29-32.JR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the effect of foods with added fiber on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

DESIGN

Participants were enrolled in a 6-week single-blind crossover study.

SETTING

Free living with partial dietary intervention.

PATIENTS

Thirteen CKD patients with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤50 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) at the time of screening (5 men, 8 women; mean age, 67.0 ± 14.8 years) completed the study.

INTERVENTION

Patients consumed control foods (cereal, cookies, and bars) providing 1.6 g/day fiber daily for 2 weeks, followed by similar foods providing 23 g/day fiber daily for 4 weeks, incorporated into their usual diets.

MAIN OUTCOME

The main outcome of the study was the determination of the impact of foods with added fiber on BUN and serum creatinine levels.

RESULTS

Consuming foods with added fiber resulted in a 10.6% decrease in mean BUN concentration (13.8 ± 2.0 to 12.1 ± 1.8 mmol/L or 38.5 ± 5.6 to 34.0 ± 5.1 mg/dL; P < .05). Serum creatinine level decreased from a baseline value of 216 ± 26 to 201 ± 23 mmol/L (2.44 ± 0.30 to 2.27 ± 0.26 mg/dL; P < .05) after 2 weeks of fiber-containing food consumption, and remained significantly lower at 195 ± 23 mmol/L (2.21 ± 0.26 mg/dL) after 4 weeks of the intervention (P < .05). Calculated eGFR increased from a baseline value of 29.6 ± 3.5 to 31.4 ± 3.8 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) at the end of 2 weeks, and remained higher at 32.5 ± 3.6 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) after 4 weeks of fiber intervention (P < .05).

CONCLUSION

We conclude that increasing fiber intake in CKD patients through the consumption of foods with added fiber may reduce serum creatinine levels and improve eGFR. Additional studies are warranted to confirm these findings and to determine whether the changes are due to direct effects on kidney function.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22739658

Citation

Salmean, Younis A., et al. "Foods With Added Fiber Lower Serum Creatinine Levels in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease." Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, vol. 23, no. 2, 2013, pp. e29-32.
Salmean YA, Segal MS, Langkamp-Henken B, et al. Foods with added fiber lower serum creatinine levels in patients with chronic kidney disease. J Ren Nutr. 2013;23(2):e29-32.
Salmean, Y. A., Segal, M. S., Langkamp-Henken, B., Canales, M. T., Zello, G. A., & Dahl, W. J. (2013). Foods with added fiber lower serum creatinine levels in patients with chronic kidney disease. Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, 23(2), e29-32. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2012.04.002
Salmean YA, et al. Foods With Added Fiber Lower Serum Creatinine Levels in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease. J Ren Nutr. 2013;23(2):e29-32. PubMed PMID: 22739658.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Foods with added fiber lower serum creatinine levels in patients with chronic kidney disease. AU - Salmean,Younis A, AU - Segal,Mark S, AU - Langkamp-Henken,Bobbi, AU - Canales,Muna T, AU - Zello,Gordon A, AU - Dahl,Wendy J, Y1 - 2012/06/26/ PY - 2011/10/12/received PY - 2012/03/22/revised PY - 2012/04/04/accepted PY - 2012/6/29/entrez PY - 2012/6/29/pubmed PY - 2013/9/13/medline SP - e29 EP - 32 JF - Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation JO - J Ren Nutr VL - 23 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of foods with added fiber on blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine concentrations in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Participants were enrolled in a 6-week single-blind crossover study. SETTING: Free living with partial dietary intervention. PATIENTS: Thirteen CKD patients with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤50 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) at the time of screening (5 men, 8 women; mean age, 67.0 ± 14.8 years) completed the study. INTERVENTION: Patients consumed control foods (cereal, cookies, and bars) providing 1.6 g/day fiber daily for 2 weeks, followed by similar foods providing 23 g/day fiber daily for 4 weeks, incorporated into their usual diets. MAIN OUTCOME: The main outcome of the study was the determination of the impact of foods with added fiber on BUN and serum creatinine levels. RESULTS: Consuming foods with added fiber resulted in a 10.6% decrease in mean BUN concentration (13.8 ± 2.0 to 12.1 ± 1.8 mmol/L or 38.5 ± 5.6 to 34.0 ± 5.1 mg/dL; P < .05). Serum creatinine level decreased from a baseline value of 216 ± 26 to 201 ± 23 mmol/L (2.44 ± 0.30 to 2.27 ± 0.26 mg/dL; P < .05) after 2 weeks of fiber-containing food consumption, and remained significantly lower at 195 ± 23 mmol/L (2.21 ± 0.26 mg/dL) after 4 weeks of the intervention (P < .05). Calculated eGFR increased from a baseline value of 29.6 ± 3.5 to 31.4 ± 3.8 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) at the end of 2 weeks, and remained higher at 32.5 ± 3.6 mL/minute/1.73 m(2) after 4 weeks of fiber intervention (P < .05). CONCLUSION: We conclude that increasing fiber intake in CKD patients through the consumption of foods with added fiber may reduce serum creatinine levels and improve eGFR. Additional studies are warranted to confirm these findings and to determine whether the changes are due to direct effects on kidney function. SN - 1532-8503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22739658/Foods_with_added_fiber_lower_serum_creatinine_levels_in_patients_with_chronic_kidney_disease_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1051-2276(12)00112-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -