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Long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus: a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial.
J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Jul; 18(7):693-9.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus.

STUDY DESIGN

This study is a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial.

SUBJECTS

Participants were adults (18-60 years old) with chronic (≥6 months), unilateral tinnitus, and without moderate or severe hearing loss.

INTERVENTIONS

Thirty-three (33) participants were randomized to one of two treatment groups: real acupuncture and sham-acupuncture (nonmeridian; no specific response, de qi). Participants received 10 sessions of acupuncture treatment (twice a week for 5 weeks), and usual patient care education.

OUTCOME MEASURES

The subjective outcome was the score of Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) from baseline to 3 months after. Pure Tone Average (PTA) and Speech Discrimination (SD) from baseline to 3 months after were assessed as objective outcomes.

RESULTS

A significant interaction between time and group in VAS (p=0.017) was evident, but not in THI, PTA, and SD scores. THI showed significant improvement at the end of treatment and 3 months after, compared to baseline, in real acupuncture (p=0.004). In SD, a significant long-term effect of real acupuncture was observed until 3 months after (p=0.011). However, the effect of real acupuncture in PTA was not maintained until 3 months after the end of treatment. No significant difference in the sham-acupuncture treatment group was evident. No statistical difference in any outcome was observed between real and sham acupuncture. Only in the mean percent change of VAS, real acupuncture showed statistical significance, compared with sham-acupuncture from baseline to 3 months after (p=0.019).

CONCLUSIONS

Through evaluation of subjective (THI and VAS) and objective outcomes (PTA and SD), this study demonstrates the long-term effect of real acupuncture.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22747248

Citation

Jeon, Sun Woo, et al. "Long-term Effect of Acupuncture for Treatment of Tinnitus: a Randomized, Patient- and Assessor-blind, Sham-acupuncture-controlled, Pilot Trial." Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), vol. 18, no. 7, 2012, pp. 693-9.
Jeon SW, Kim KS, Nam HJ. Long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus: a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(7):693-9.
Jeon, S. W., Kim, K. S., & Nam, H. J. (2012). Long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus: a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 18(7), 693-9. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2011.0378
Jeon SW, Kim KS, Nam HJ. Long-term Effect of Acupuncture for Treatment of Tinnitus: a Randomized, Patient- and Assessor-blind, Sham-acupuncture-controlled, Pilot Trial. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(7):693-9. PubMed PMID: 22747248.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus: a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial. AU - Jeon,Sun Woo, AU - Kim,Kyu Seok, AU - Nam,Hae Jeong, Y1 - 2012/07/02/ PY - 2012/7/4/entrez PY - 2012/7/4/pubmed PY - 2012/12/10/medline SP - 693 EP - 9 JF - Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) JO - J Altern Complement Med VL - 18 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of acupuncture for treatment of tinnitus. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a randomized, patient- and assessor-blind, sham-acupuncture-controlled, pilot trial. SUBJECTS: Participants were adults (18-60 years old) with chronic (≥6 months), unilateral tinnitus, and without moderate or severe hearing loss. INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-three (33) participants were randomized to one of two treatment groups: real acupuncture and sham-acupuncture (nonmeridian; no specific response, de qi). Participants received 10 sessions of acupuncture treatment (twice a week for 5 weeks), and usual patient care education. OUTCOME MEASURES: The subjective outcome was the score of Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) from baseline to 3 months after. Pure Tone Average (PTA) and Speech Discrimination (SD) from baseline to 3 months after were assessed as objective outcomes. RESULTS: A significant interaction between time and group in VAS (p=0.017) was evident, but not in THI, PTA, and SD scores. THI showed significant improvement at the end of treatment and 3 months after, compared to baseline, in real acupuncture (p=0.004). In SD, a significant long-term effect of real acupuncture was observed until 3 months after (p=0.011). However, the effect of real acupuncture in PTA was not maintained until 3 months after the end of treatment. No significant difference in the sham-acupuncture treatment group was evident. No statistical difference in any outcome was observed between real and sham acupuncture. Only in the mean percent change of VAS, real acupuncture showed statistical significance, compared with sham-acupuncture from baseline to 3 months after (p=0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Through evaluation of subjective (THI and VAS) and objective outcomes (PTA and SD), this study demonstrates the long-term effect of real acupuncture. SN - 1557-7708 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22747248/Long_term_effect_of_acupuncture_for_treatment_of_tinnitus:_a_randomized_patient__and_assessor_blind_sham_acupuncture_controlled_pilot_trial_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/acm.2011.0378?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -