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Human epithelial cells stimulated with Vibrio cholerae produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin and promote dendritic cell-mediated inflammatory Th2 response.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2012 Nov; 44(11):1779-90.IJ

Abstract

Vibrio cholerae induces acute inflammatory response at intestinal epithelial surface; the underlying cellular immune mechanisms for such effects are largely unexplored. Mucosal immune response is controlled by crosstalk between the intestinal epithelial cells (ECs) and dendritic cells (DCs). An EC-derived cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) has been found a critical regulator of several human inflammatory conditions. TSLP is highly elevated in ECs stimulated with V. cholerae and its recombinant flagellin (rFlaA). V. cholerae treated human ECs produce DC-attracting chemokine MIP-3α (CCL20). Flagellin, a potent V. cholerae factor was responsible for maximum stimulation of epithelial CCL20 production and subsequent DC activation. Activated DCs express high levels of costimulatory molecules and secrete inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. Bacteria stimulated ECs conditioned DCs to produce Th2 cell-attracting chemokines CCL17 and CCL22. TSLP and other mediators present in the V. cholerae stimulated EC-culture filtrate potently activated DCs, which subsequently primed CD4(+)T cells to differentiate into T helper type 2 (Th2) cells that produce high amounts of IL-4, IL-13 and TNF-α and low IFN-γ. TSLP-induced proinflammatory response in DCs involved the transcriptional mechanisms, MAPKs (ERK1/2, p38 and JNK) and STAT3 activation. This study suggests TSLP and other mediators released from ECs in response to V. cholerae colonization actively influence DCs in initiating inflammatory response.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Molecular and Human Genetics Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, 4 Raja SC Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India. bhowmickswati@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22750414

Citation

Bhowmick, Swati, et al. "Human Epithelial Cells Stimulated With Vibrio Cholerae Produce Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin and Promote Dendritic Cell-mediated Inflammatory Th2 Response." The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol. 44, no. 11, 2012, pp. 1779-90.
Bhowmick S, Chatterjee D, Chaudhuri K. Human epithelial cells stimulated with Vibrio cholerae produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin and promote dendritic cell-mediated inflammatory Th2 response. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2012;44(11):1779-90.
Bhowmick, S., Chatterjee, D., & Chaudhuri, K. (2012). Human epithelial cells stimulated with Vibrio cholerae produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin and promote dendritic cell-mediated inflammatory Th2 response. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 44(11), 1779-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2012.06.030
Bhowmick S, Chatterjee D, Chaudhuri K. Human Epithelial Cells Stimulated With Vibrio Cholerae Produce Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin and Promote Dendritic Cell-mediated Inflammatory Th2 Response. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2012;44(11):1779-90. PubMed PMID: 22750414.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Human epithelial cells stimulated with Vibrio cholerae produce thymic stromal lymphopoietin and promote dendritic cell-mediated inflammatory Th2 response. AU - Bhowmick,Swati, AU - Chatterjee,Debashree, AU - Chaudhuri,Keya, Y1 - 2012/06/27/ PY - 2012/03/11/received PY - 2012/06/11/revised PY - 2012/06/19/accepted PY - 2012/7/4/entrez PY - 2012/7/4/pubmed PY - 2013/3/27/medline SP - 1779 EP - 90 JF - The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology JO - Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. VL - 44 IS - 11 N2 - Vibrio cholerae induces acute inflammatory response at intestinal epithelial surface; the underlying cellular immune mechanisms for such effects are largely unexplored. Mucosal immune response is controlled by crosstalk between the intestinal epithelial cells (ECs) and dendritic cells (DCs). An EC-derived cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) has been found a critical regulator of several human inflammatory conditions. TSLP is highly elevated in ECs stimulated with V. cholerae and its recombinant flagellin (rFlaA). V. cholerae treated human ECs produce DC-attracting chemokine MIP-3α (CCL20). Flagellin, a potent V. cholerae factor was responsible for maximum stimulation of epithelial CCL20 production and subsequent DC activation. Activated DCs express high levels of costimulatory molecules and secrete inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β. Bacteria stimulated ECs conditioned DCs to produce Th2 cell-attracting chemokines CCL17 and CCL22. TSLP and other mediators present in the V. cholerae stimulated EC-culture filtrate potently activated DCs, which subsequently primed CD4(+)T cells to differentiate into T helper type 2 (Th2) cells that produce high amounts of IL-4, IL-13 and TNF-α and low IFN-γ. TSLP-induced proinflammatory response in DCs involved the transcriptional mechanisms, MAPKs (ERK1/2, p38 and JNK) and STAT3 activation. This study suggests TSLP and other mediators released from ECs in response to V. cholerae colonization actively influence DCs in initiating inflammatory response. SN - 1878-5875 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22750414/Human_epithelial_cells_stimulated_with_Vibrio_cholerae_produce_thymic_stromal_lymphopoietin_and_promote_dendritic_cell_mediated_inflammatory_Th2_response_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1357-2725(12)00229-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -