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Osmoregulatory response to low salinities in the European sea bass embryos: a multi-site approach.
J Comp Physiol B 2013; 183(1):83-97JC

Abstract

Embryonic osmoregulation effected by embryonic ionocytes in the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax has been studied at several sites, including the yolk sac membrane, the first gill slits and the gut ionocytes. D. labrax embryos, spawned in seawater (SW) (39 ‰), were exposed to dilute seawater (DSW) (5 ‰) during 48 h, from stage 10 pairs of somites (10S) to hatching time (HT). Control embryos originating from the same spawn were maintained in SW. Both SW and DSW embryos were examined after 24- and 48-h exposure. Nanoosmometric measurements of the embryonic fluids osmolality suggest that late embryos are confronted with the variations in external salinity and that they were able to slightly regulate their osmolality. Immunolocalization of Na⁺/K⁺ ATPase, NKCC and CFTR has shown that DSW-exposed embryos can limit ion losses due to compensatory physiological mechanisms. CFTR and NKCC were not observed in DSW embryos in the yolk sac ionocytes and in the tegumentary ionocytes of the gill slits. The quantification of mRNA indicated that NKA, NKCC1 and CFTR transcript levels increased from stage 10S to stage HT. At stage HT, following 48 h of DSW- or SW-exposure, different responses were observed according to salinity. These results, when compared to those obtained in D. labrax juveniles and adults long-term exposed to fresh water (FW), show that in embryos the physiological response following a short-term DSW exposure is different. The mechanisms of hyper-osmoregulation observed in D. labrax embryos, although not fully efficient, allow their survival for several days in DSW.

Authors+Show Affiliations

AEO Team (Adaptation Ecophysiologique et Ontogenèse), UMR 5119 Ecosym UM2, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, Université Montpellier 2, Montpellier, France. elliott.sucre@univ-montp2.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22752053

Citation

Sucré, Elliott, et al. "Osmoregulatory Response to Low Salinities in the European Sea Bass Embryos: a Multi-site Approach." Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology, vol. 183, no. 1, 2013, pp. 83-97.
Sucré E, Bossus M, Bodinier C, et al. Osmoregulatory response to low salinities in the European sea bass embryos: a multi-site approach. J Comp Physiol B, Biochem Syst Environ Physiol. 2013;183(1):83-97.
Sucré, E., Bossus, M., Bodinier, C., Boulo, V., Charmantier, G., Charmantier-Daures, M., & Cucchi, P. (2013). Osmoregulatory response to low salinities in the European sea bass embryos: a multi-site approach. Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology, 183(1), pp. 83-97. doi:10.1007/s00360-012-0687-2.
Sucré E, et al. Osmoregulatory Response to Low Salinities in the European Sea Bass Embryos: a Multi-site Approach. J Comp Physiol B, Biochem Syst Environ Physiol. 2013;183(1):83-97. PubMed PMID: 22752053.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Osmoregulatory response to low salinities in the European sea bass embryos: a multi-site approach. AU - Sucré,Elliott, AU - Bossus,Maryline, AU - Bodinier,Charlotte, AU - Boulo,Viviane, AU - Charmantier,Guy, AU - Charmantier-Daures,Mireille, AU - Cucchi,Patricia, Y1 - 2012/07/01/ PY - 2011/11/07/received PY - 2012/06/14/accepted PY - 2012/06/06/revised PY - 2012/7/4/entrez PY - 2012/7/4/pubmed PY - 2013/6/19/medline SP - 83 EP - 97 JF - Journal of comparative physiology. B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology JO - J. Comp. Physiol. B, Biochem. Syst. Environ. Physiol. VL - 183 IS - 1 N2 - Embryonic osmoregulation effected by embryonic ionocytes in the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax has been studied at several sites, including the yolk sac membrane, the first gill slits and the gut ionocytes. D. labrax embryos, spawned in seawater (SW) (39 ‰), were exposed to dilute seawater (DSW) (5 ‰) during 48 h, from stage 10 pairs of somites (10S) to hatching time (HT). Control embryos originating from the same spawn were maintained in SW. Both SW and DSW embryos were examined after 24- and 48-h exposure. Nanoosmometric measurements of the embryonic fluids osmolality suggest that late embryos are confronted with the variations in external salinity and that they were able to slightly regulate their osmolality. Immunolocalization of Na⁺/K⁺ ATPase, NKCC and CFTR has shown that DSW-exposed embryos can limit ion losses due to compensatory physiological mechanisms. CFTR and NKCC were not observed in DSW embryos in the yolk sac ionocytes and in the tegumentary ionocytes of the gill slits. The quantification of mRNA indicated that NKA, NKCC1 and CFTR transcript levels increased from stage 10S to stage HT. At stage HT, following 48 h of DSW- or SW-exposure, different responses were observed according to salinity. These results, when compared to those obtained in D. labrax juveniles and adults long-term exposed to fresh water (FW), show that in embryos the physiological response following a short-term DSW exposure is different. The mechanisms of hyper-osmoregulation observed in D. labrax embryos, although not fully efficient, allow their survival for several days in DSW. SN - 1432-136X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22752053/Osmoregulatory_response_to_low_salinities_in_the_European_sea_bass_embryos:_a_multi_site_approach_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00360-012-0687-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -