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Gender based violence as a risk factor for HIV-associated risk behaviors among female sex workers in Armenia.
AIDS Behav. 2013 Feb; 17(2):551-8.AB

Abstract

This cross-sectional study identified the prevalence of gender based violence (GBV) and examined its association with sexual risk behavior among female sex workers (FSWs). Among 120 participants between ages 20 and 52, a total of 56.7 % reported lifetime GBV. Multivariate analyses revealed that GBV was significantly associated with inconsistent condom use, unprotected sex, condom misuse, fear of client reaction to requests of condom use, self-reported history of STIs, and earlier age of initiation of sex work. GBV must be considered an urgent public health priority among FSWs in Armenia. Interventions addressing FSWs, in addition to targeting skill-based, sexual risk reduction must also introduce a discourse among FSWs, sexual partners, clients and community members about the role of GBV in HIV-associated risk behaviors and infection. Structural level initiatives must address economic opportunities for women, health-sector policies and responses to FSWs' health needs, law enforcement training and societal norms toward women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. dlang2@emory.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22760740

Citation

Lang, Delia L., et al. "Gender Based Violence as a Risk Factor for HIV-associated Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Armenia." AIDS and Behavior, vol. 17, no. 2, 2013, pp. 551-8.
Lang DL, Salazar LF, DiClemente RJ, et al. Gender based violence as a risk factor for HIV-associated risk behaviors among female sex workers in Armenia. AIDS Behav. 2013;17(2):551-8.
Lang, D. L., Salazar, L. F., DiClemente, R. J., & Markosyan, K. (2013). Gender based violence as a risk factor for HIV-associated risk behaviors among female sex workers in Armenia. AIDS and Behavior, 17(2), 551-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0245-7
Lang DL, et al. Gender Based Violence as a Risk Factor for HIV-associated Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Armenia. AIDS Behav. 2013;17(2):551-8. PubMed PMID: 22760740.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender based violence as a risk factor for HIV-associated risk behaviors among female sex workers in Armenia. AU - Lang,Delia L, AU - Salazar,Laura F, AU - DiClemente,Ralph J, AU - Markosyan,Karine, PY - 2012/7/5/entrez PY - 2012/7/5/pubmed PY - 2013/8/7/medline SP - 551 EP - 8 JF - AIDS and behavior JO - AIDS Behav VL - 17 IS - 2 N2 - This cross-sectional study identified the prevalence of gender based violence (GBV) and examined its association with sexual risk behavior among female sex workers (FSWs). Among 120 participants between ages 20 and 52, a total of 56.7 % reported lifetime GBV. Multivariate analyses revealed that GBV was significantly associated with inconsistent condom use, unprotected sex, condom misuse, fear of client reaction to requests of condom use, self-reported history of STIs, and earlier age of initiation of sex work. GBV must be considered an urgent public health priority among FSWs in Armenia. Interventions addressing FSWs, in addition to targeting skill-based, sexual risk reduction must also introduce a discourse among FSWs, sexual partners, clients and community members about the role of GBV in HIV-associated risk behaviors and infection. Structural level initiatives must address economic opportunities for women, health-sector policies and responses to FSWs' health needs, law enforcement training and societal norms toward women. SN - 1573-3254 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22760740/Gender_based_violence_as_a_risk_factor_for_HIV_associated_risk_behaviors_among_female_sex_workers_in_Armenia_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-012-0245-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -