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Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal.
Community Dent Health. 2012 Jun; 29(2):184-7.CD

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is the most common clinical syndrome preceding noma. It is found in developing countries and in malnourished children and especially in deprived groups such as children at Koranic boarding schools. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and factors associated with its occurrence in a boarding school population.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study of children in Koranic boarding schools in the city of Touba, Senegal. A multistage sampling strategy was used and 8 out of 17 schools were selected. The variables collected were gender, age, oral hygiene habits, duration of residence, presence of ulcerative gingivitis and plaque, and gingival bleeding index. A logistic regression analysis with R software using the manual procedure down was used to identify factors associated with the dependent variables.

RESULTS

There were 501 participants and boys made up 92% of the study group. The mean age was 9.3 (sd 4.0) years. The mean of duration residence was 3.4 (sd 1.5) years. The prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis was 37% and 81% of children did not use a toothbrush or a chewing-stick. The length of residence, school size, hygiene habits and plaque and bleeding indices were significantly associated with necrotizing gingivitis after adjustment for other variables.

CONCLUSION

It is necessary to develop oral hygiene programs, to establish policies to manage the oral health of children and to improve health and nutrition at Koranic boarding-schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Public Health Dentistry Office, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry, Dakar, Senegal. dioufmass78@yahoo.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22779382

Citation

Diouf, M, et al. "Prevalence of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis and Associated Factors in Koranic Boarding Schools in Senegal." Community Dental Health, vol. 29, no. 2, 2012, pp. 184-7.
Diouf M, Cisse D, Faye A, et al. Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal. Community Dent Health. 2012;29(2):184-7.
Diouf, M., Cisse, D., Faye, A., Niang, P., Seck, I., Faye, D., & Lo, C. M. (2012). Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal. Community Dental Health, 29(2), 184-7.
Diouf M, et al. Prevalence of Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis and Associated Factors in Koranic Boarding Schools in Senegal. Community Dent Health. 2012;29(2):184-7. PubMed PMID: 22779382.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and associated factors in Koranic boarding schools in Senegal. AU - Diouf,M, AU - Cisse,D, AU - Faye,A, AU - Niang,P, AU - Seck,I, AU - Faye,D, AU - Lo,C M M, PY - 2012/7/12/entrez PY - 2012/7/12/pubmed PY - 2012/8/15/medline SP - 184 EP - 7 JF - Community dental health JO - Community Dent Health VL - 29 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is the most common clinical syndrome preceding noma. It is found in developing countries and in malnourished children and especially in deprived groups such as children at Koranic boarding schools. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis and factors associated with its occurrence in a boarding school population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of children in Koranic boarding schools in the city of Touba, Senegal. A multistage sampling strategy was used and 8 out of 17 schools were selected. The variables collected were gender, age, oral hygiene habits, duration of residence, presence of ulcerative gingivitis and plaque, and gingival bleeding index. A logistic regression analysis with R software using the manual procedure down was used to identify factors associated with the dependent variables. RESULTS: There were 501 participants and boys made up 92% of the study group. The mean age was 9.3 (sd 4.0) years. The mean of duration residence was 3.4 (sd 1.5) years. The prevalence of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis was 37% and 81% of children did not use a toothbrush or a chewing-stick. The length of residence, school size, hygiene habits and plaque and bleeding indices were significantly associated with necrotizing gingivitis after adjustment for other variables. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to develop oral hygiene programs, to establish policies to manage the oral health of children and to improve health and nutrition at Koranic boarding-schools. SN - 0265-539X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22779382/Prevalence_of_necrotizing_ulcerative_gingivitis_and_associated_factors_in_Koranic_boarding_schools_in_Senegal_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -