Hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of silibinin on experimental preeclampsia induced by L-NAME in rats.Life Sci. 2012 Sep 04; 91(5-6):159-65.LS
Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase with N-omega-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) has been employed as an experimental model of human preeclampsia. This study determined the protective effect of silibinin, a flavonoid with anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties on the deleterious effects observed in experimentally induced preeclampsia in rats.
Pregnant Wistar rats were treated during gestation (days 10-20) with l-NAME (70-80mg/kg/day) in drinking water or with l-NAME plus silibinin (100mg/kg/day, orally) starting at day 0, day 7 or day 14 of pregnancy. Systolic blood pressure was recorded from gestation days 0 to 21. A control group of pregnant non-treated rats was analyzed similarly. On day 21 the rats were euthanized and the following parameters were evaluated: proteinuria, platelet count, liver histopathology and reproductive outcome. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1β), IL-6, IL-10 and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) were determined in liver homogenate by enzyme immunoassay.
In comparison with the l-NAME group the silibinin treatment reduced the values of systolic blood pressure, proteinuria, TNF-α, IL-1β and IFN-γ in liver, normalized the platelet count and improved fetal outcomes. Histopathological lesions in liver of the l-NAME group showed intense mononuclear inflammatory infiltrate and thickening of muscle tunica of arterial vessel, mainly in the periportal area. Silibinin treatment induced attenuation of periportal inflammatory infiltrate, showing an association between inflammatory infiltrate and TNF-α, IL-1β and IFN-γ levels in liver homogenate.
Silibinin administration to l-NAME-treated rats displays anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory actions that may contribute to its hepatoprotective effects and improve reproductive outcomes in experimental preeclampsia.