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Organic bee pollen: botanical origin, nutritional value, bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and microbiological quality.
Molecules. 2012 Jul 11; 17(7):8359-77.M

Abstract

Organic bee pollen (BP, n = 22) harvested from the Douro International Natural Park (DINP, Portugal) was studied. Nine botanical families were found in the mixture of the samples. The water activity and pH ranged 0.21-0.37 and 4.3-5.2, respectively. The BP analyses averaged 67.7% carbohydrates, 21.8% crude protein, 5.2% crude fat and 2.9% ash. The energy ranged from 396.4 to 411.1 kcal/100 g. The principal fatty acid found was linolenic, followed by linoleic acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid. The phenolic and flavonoid contents varied from 12.9 to 19.8 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g of extract and from 4.5 to 7.1 mg of catechin equivalents/g of extract, respectively. The scavenger activity and β-carotene bleaching assays values (EC₅₀) were 3.0 ± 0.7 mg/mL and 4.6 mg/mL ± 0.9 mg/mL, respectively. E. coli, sulphite-reducing Clostridia, Salmonella and S. aureus were not found. Since there are studies indicating appreciable differences among BPs from different regions, the full characterization of BP from diverse origins still appears to be a sound research priority in order to obtain reliable data about this beehive product.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Santiago de Compostela, E-27080, Lugo, Spain. xesus.feas@usc.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22785265

Citation

Feás, Xesús, et al. "Organic Bee Pollen: Botanical Origin, Nutritional Value, Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity and Microbiological Quality." Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 17, no. 7, 2012, pp. 8359-77.
Feás X, Vázquez-Tato MP, Estevinho L, et al. Organic bee pollen: botanical origin, nutritional value, bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and microbiological quality. Molecules. 2012;17(7):8359-77.
Feás, X., Vázquez-Tato, M. P., Estevinho, L., Seijas, J. A., & Iglesias, A. (2012). Organic bee pollen: botanical origin, nutritional value, bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and microbiological quality. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 17(7), 8359-77. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules17078359
Feás X, et al. Organic Bee Pollen: Botanical Origin, Nutritional Value, Bioactive Compounds, Antioxidant Activity and Microbiological Quality. Molecules. 2012 Jul 11;17(7):8359-77. PubMed PMID: 22785265.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Organic bee pollen: botanical origin, nutritional value, bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and microbiological quality. AU - Feás,Xesús, AU - Vázquez-Tato,M Pilar, AU - Estevinho,Leticia, AU - Seijas,Julio A, AU - Iglesias,Antonio, Y1 - 2012/07/11/ PY - 2012/05/17/received PY - 2012/06/29/revised PY - 2012/07/02/accepted PY - 2012/7/13/entrez PY - 2012/7/13/pubmed PY - 2012/10/23/medline SP - 8359 EP - 77 JF - Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) JO - Molecules VL - 17 IS - 7 N2 - Organic bee pollen (BP, n = 22) harvested from the Douro International Natural Park (DINP, Portugal) was studied. Nine botanical families were found in the mixture of the samples. The water activity and pH ranged 0.21-0.37 and 4.3-5.2, respectively. The BP analyses averaged 67.7% carbohydrates, 21.8% crude protein, 5.2% crude fat and 2.9% ash. The energy ranged from 396.4 to 411.1 kcal/100 g. The principal fatty acid found was linolenic, followed by linoleic acid, palmitic acid and oleic acid. The phenolic and flavonoid contents varied from 12.9 to 19.8 mg of gallic acid equivalents/g of extract and from 4.5 to 7.1 mg of catechin equivalents/g of extract, respectively. The scavenger activity and β-carotene bleaching assays values (EC₅₀) were 3.0 ± 0.7 mg/mL and 4.6 mg/mL ± 0.9 mg/mL, respectively. E. coli, sulphite-reducing Clostridia, Salmonella and S. aureus were not found. Since there are studies indicating appreciable differences among BPs from different regions, the full characterization of BP from diverse origins still appears to be a sound research priority in order to obtain reliable data about this beehive product. SN - 1420-3049 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22785265/Organic_bee_pollen:_botanical_origin_nutritional_value_bioactive_compounds_antioxidant_activity_and_microbiological_quality_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=molecules17078359 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -